Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are sometimes used interchangeably, but these technologies have very distinct uses and requirements. Many technical pundits believe that micro-displays could be the holy grail in satisfying the more challenging VR and AR requirements.
Printed displays refer to a category of manufacturing processes that allow displays to be fabricated on a variety of substrates at a low cost. In addition, printing provides a simple way to generate patterns with high material utilization. This field of research is primarily, but not exclusively, focused on OLEDs.
Machine learning (ML) covers a variety of research areas. In display technology, ML is under study for areas such as improving motion blur and image sticking effects, improving capacitive touch sensors, improving image resolution and color mapping, image restoration, improvement and retrieval on cameras and an array of improved manufacturing processes for defect detection and elimination.