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Obey Your Cat's Demands and Build an Automated Food Dispenser

Obey Your Cat's Demands and Build an Automated Food Dispenser

Your cat demands to be fed on time. With some technical know-how and a 3D printer you can build your own automated cat food dispenser.

Cat owners know that few things make their pets happier than getting their food on time. But sometimes those times aren't always the most convenient (for humans at least). You can't leave a bowl full of food (if you want to still be able to lift your cat anyway). So it needs to be dealt out in small portions.

Gadget Freak contributor Kerry Erendson combined some engineering know-how with some skilled 3D printing to create an automated cat feeder for his cat, Squishy - who prefers to be fed precisely at 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. every day.

The goal was to be able to set the unit to vend dry cat food at programmable times throughout the day. To allow this, there is an LCD on the front panel with three "soft switches," i.e. switches whose functions are defined by software. These buttons take on the functions labeled above them on the bottom line of the display.

The main screen's top line shows current time. The bottom line labels the left button "MENU" and the right button "ON/OFF." Pushing the right button on this screen toggles the label between ON and OFF. The bipolar LED to the right of the display is green when the unit is ON and unlit when the unit is OFF. This ON/OFF status determines whether the unit will "vend" when it reaches a programmed vend time. The LED allows you to check its status from across the room without looking at the LCD. The LED turns red if an error is detected.

The "MENU" button takes you through a series of choices "Program?", "SetTime?" & "VendNow?" (see "Dispenser Operation Manual.doc" for details).

Well, Squishy loves her feeder, finding it far more reliable than the humans who used to do that job.

The unit uses eight different 3D-printed parts:

1) Food Bin that sits on top under the clear cover.

2) Top Surround that you slide up & off to get at the cover and bin.

3) Spacers are little tabs/washers under the Top Plate's screws (8 screws total)

4) Top Plate has the round area where the Food Bin sits and rotates.

5) Enclosure is the white bulk of the housing, has integral curved chute inside.

6) Bezel has LCD window opening and holes for pushbuttons, all matching the PCB layout.

7) Bottom Surround provides the base structure and solid cross member to support the motor.

8) Rotator has a D-shaped hole all the way through to mate with the motor's output shaft. At the bottom it has a section with 8 "bumps" which actuate the microswitch. The rest of the length is a square that matches the center of the Food Bin that slides down on it.

Click here to download the full build instructions, including SketchUp files, firmware, and schematics.

Parts List:

PartValueDevice/Package Description
BAT1BR1225A/FABattery Allied #70196821
     
C10.01CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C20.1CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C310µFCPOL-3216/A Capacitor, Polarized, SM
C40.1CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C50.1CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C61µFCNONPOL-0805 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C71µFCNONPOL-0805 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C80.01CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C90.1CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C100.01CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C110.01CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C120.01CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C130.1CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C140.1CNONPOL-0603 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C1510µFCPOL-3216/A Capacitor, Polarized, SM
C160.1CNONPOL-0805 Capacitor, Non-Polarized, SM
C1710µFCPOL-3216/A Capacitor, Polarized, SM
D1S1GB-13-FDiode, S1BB Allied #70438453 1A 100V Diode SMB pkg Diodes Inc, notch or line is cathode
J1,J2,J3,J6,J7,J8,J9,LED1.1" sp. 2-way male header  (J7,J8,J9 used on hand-wired bd., put at LED1 to allow harness to front panel)
J4.1" sp. 6-pin dual row male headerBKGD-1-JDR6 (µC prog. conn.)  
J5 .1" sp. 16-way male header  
L1,L2MI0603J600R-10INDUCTOR-0603 ferrite, Allied #70065459
     
LCD1LCD 8-char. by 2-linesNew Haven Disp
NHD-0208AZ-RN-YBW-33V
 Allied #70518050, non back-lit, Dispenser PCB has circuitry for a backlit LCD module but will need firmware mod to control it. Location also implies 16-way .1" sp. dual row female conn. for PCB and .1" sp. dual row male header for LCD module.
LED1 T 1-3/4 Bipolar Red/Greenthru hole needs wiring harness to get it to front panel, also plastic LED panel mount 
PZ1AI-1440-TWT-12V-RPIEZO2LEAD-.3"LS, .543" dia. Piezo buzzer, 2 Leads, self-osc.
Q1,Q2 DNI*,Q3MMBT3904MMBT3904-SOT23 Transistor, NPN, General Purpose
Q42N39042N3904-TO92 thruhole Transistor, NPN, General Purpose, TO92 pkg. (used on hand-wired Relay Bd.)
R14.7KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R2220RESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R3100KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R410KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R54.7KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R64.7KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R710KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R810KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R910KTrimpot horiz., thruhole
R1010KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R1110KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R1210KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R13 DNI*10KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R1410KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R1510KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R1610KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R1710KRESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R18 DNI*0ohmRESISTOR-0805 Resistor, SM
R19200RESISTOR-0603 Resistor, SM
R203.3K1/4W 5% RESISTOR-thruhole Resistor (used on hand wired relay bd.)
RLY1NAIS TF2-5VRelay DPDT Relay DPDT 10-pin DIP NAIS TF2 (used on hand wired relay bd.)
S1,S2,S3SWITCH-PUSHBUTTON  
U1MC9S08QE128CLHMC9S08QE128CLH, LQFP64 pkg 64 lead µC, Motorola/Freescale/NXP
U2TC54VN3002ECBTC54VN4502ECB-SOT23 Volt. Detector, 3-pin Allied #70046939
U3AT25256AN-10SU-2.7EEPROM, 32768 x 8 bits, SPI interface SO8 pkg. (could use much smaller device but might need to mod. firmware)
U4LP38690DT-3.3LP38690DT-3.3-TO252 Volt. Reg. 3.3V fixed, LDO National LP38690DT-3.3
U5DS1338Z-33+RTC, I2C, SO-8pkg RTC, I2C, 3.3V
     
U6LM340T-57805V-TO220S-1 Linear Voltage Regulator, thruhole, TO220 Standing up (vertical) Allied #70099955
XOSC14 MHzCrystal Osc., 3.3V 7 x 5mm pkg.
Y132768HzCrystal, SM  
     
MOTOR1gear reduction motor6V this was one I had in stock, don't know the specs, possibly 5 sec/rev
 microswitch  microswitch with curved end actuator to detect "Rotator" bumps in both directions
AC adapter6V 400mA   
     
     

Don't forget these are native SketchUp files, so you can open them to take measurements and modify them any way you wish. They were composed in the free version of SketchUp. You will of course also need the free plug-in / extension STL Exporter to create files for your CAM program. These designs are somewhat complex, so you should really have some level of 3D printing experience behind you before tackling them.

The Composite file is great for seeing how it all goes together, but don't forget to do any modifications in the individual file for that specific part. I would save modified files with a personalized name so you don't get versions confused.

Do you have a cool, original, homemade gadget you'd like to share with the world? Give us the details at DesignNews.com/GF, and you may receive $500 and automatic entry into our $6000 Gadget Freak of the Year contest!

[All images courtesy of Kerry Erendson]

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