Want an Extreme Engineering Ride? Follow Maxon to the Moon and Mars

Successful space missions require specialized equipment. Robin Phillips of maxon explains how to get motors right.

Suzanne Deffree

June 2, 2021

6 Min Read
Adobe Stock

Flying to Mars and navigating a martian environment is not easy. Successful space missions rely on every component executing numerous mission-critical tasks while concurrently withstanding the harshest of conditions. With the highest priority placed on drives, designing space-ready motors is a meticulous and complex process. Engineers need to account for extreme temperature fluctuations that persist for days at a time while operating during drastic changes in atmospheric conditions where rotor blades cut through significantly fewer air molecules than in Earth's atmosphere, simply to maintain flight.

With more than 100 motors on Mars currently and decades of successful missions under their belt, industry leader maxon has broad expertise in space applications and sets the industry standard for quality assurance processes. Most recently, NASA launched the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter, which successfully took flight on April 16, hosting six specialized brushed DC motors from maxon.

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To spotlight design ingenuity of this caliber, Informa Markets – Engineering, the organizers of Automation Technology Expo (ATX), Design & Manufacturing (D&M), Pack, Plastec, Cannabis Packaging Summit, and publisher of Design News, will present Virtual Engineering Days, a three-day digital conference and exhibition bringing best-in-class education and supplier sourcing directly to the design, engineering, and manufacturing communities.

Related:NASA’s Perseverance Rover Heads for Mars

Taking place June 15 through 17, the virtual event will provide a unique meeting opportunity for the global advanced manufacturing community and features a digital expo floor showcasing many industry-leading companies driving the future of sustainable manufacturing. The conference will have over 30 sessions across three days that dive into critical issues and trends affecting today's engineers and cover more complex design engineering practices, 3D printing, smart manufacturing, packaging, plastics and materials, sustainable manufacturing, and career development.

Robin Phillips, head of maxon's SpaceLab, will take the stage on June 15 during the three-day online event as a keynote speaker addressing how to design reliable drives that offer greater precision while operating in demanding and harsh environments.  With Virtual Engineering Days quickly approaching, I spoke with Phillips, who shared a sneak peek into what attendees can look forward to learning about during his address.

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As the head of the SpaceLab at maxon, you are heavily involved in projects that demand heavy modifications for use in space. Could you walk us through your role and how maxon is driving innovation in space exploration? 

Related:3D Printing on the Moon and Mars

Robon Phillips: My role is to use the experience I have gathered over the years from previous projects and my general observations of how the space industry is evolving, defining the kinds of products we offer as solutions for our customers. This involves both the development of new or modified motor and gearbox designs as well as the processes needed to build them. I ensure all the SpaceLab products are designed to a similar standard and that the build quality matches our customers' expectations. I think maxon's most significant contribution to innovation in the space industry is our catalog of "COTS space products." For these, we have taken custom designs that we have developed for space agency applications (ESA, JPL, etc.) and then removed some of the customization, but retained the core modifications that enabled the designs to be qualified for the extreme environmental conditions and are now offering these at reasonable prices as catalog products to the rest of the space industry.  

Recently, NASA sent a maxon drive system to space. What are the no-fail design requirements necessary for motors to properly function during the brutal liftoff conditions and the six-month-long journey through space?

Phillips: The requirements can be classified into two groups: 1) Environmental compatibility, which includes things like vibration and shock resistance for rocket launches but also, and more difficult to achieve, compatibility with the wide temperature ranges due to diurnal (day/night) cycling  2) quality requirements on all the production processes (both for our suppliers and us) that are needed to ensure to the maximum extent possible that the motors are correctly built.

What are the primary challenges design engineers face in this highly complex and mission-critical industry, and what approaches does maxon take to overcome them?  

Phillips: One of the biggest challenges is changing the mindset of the engineers designing these products. Most of the time, they will be working on industrial products where the aim is high quality but strongly emphasizes cost-efficient solutions since we are constantly under pressure to have the lowest possible sales prices. For space applications, since we are just a component supplier, the cost of our product is secondary as it is only a tiny fraction of the overall spacecraft cost. This means that things like the mass and dimensions and requirements for absolute reliability are much more important than the cost. This often leads to completely different design solutions – e.g. For an industrial solution, we might have two separate, easily producible components made out of different materials, which we then glue together.

For the space solution, we would worry about differential expansions of the differing materials and the reliability of the glued connection. This would lead us to design a single-piece part, which is much more expensive due to its complex shape. Getting the engineers to understand this difference and switch between the two mindsets depending on what project they are working on is the challenge. We generally tackle this by using the same design engineers or performing design reviews where an engineer with space product experience is involved.

You are a keynote speaker at the upcoming Virtual Engineering Days addressing "Motors in Space -To Mars and Beyond." What are a few learnings attendees can expect to take away from your keynote address? 

Phillips: I will be giving a review of the history of Mars exploration so that the context of motors and the rovers they propel can be understood. I will discuss some of the design issues that we face to explain why we can't just use a standard industrial motor, then review how we use the experience gained in the Mars applications to develop lower-cost "space catalog" motors for the wide variety of new space applications.

What excites you most about connecting with your community at the upcoming virtual event?

Phillips: As engineers, we are always most excited in learning about the applications our products are used in. I always say, somewhat "tongue in cheek," that motors are boring: they are just a cylinder with a shaft that turns – it is the applications that make the work interesting. Of course, the internal details are interesting to those of us that work on them, but this is how we want the motors to remain for our customers: boring cylinders, but with a shaft that they can absolutely rely on to turn when they power the motor on!

Register here and access Phillips' keynote address, exhibitor profiles, exclusive networking opportunities, and technical sessions that matter to you.

For an inside look into maxon’s role in the commercialization of space and more information on his keynote address, tune into an in-depth Facebook Live held on the Informa Markets – Engineering Facebook page.

To schedule a meeting with maxon at Virtual Engineering Days, please register for the online event and reach out to Robin Phillips [email protected].

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