Smart Pill Bottle Reminds Patients to Take Their Medication

By: 
January 02, 2016

Sometimes it’s not always easy to remember to take prescribed medications on time, especially for older people or those with chronic illness who have numerous pills they’re required to take every day. A smart pill bottle from AdhereTech that keeps track of medications and alerts people when it’s time for their next dose can help alleviate this problem and is currently being used by major healthcare providers.

Designed with the help of product design and development company Intelligent Product Solutions (IPS), AdhereTech’s smart pill bottle recognizes when medication has been missed, and uses real-time alerts -- such as lighting up, playing a song, or sending a text message to a patient or caregiver.

The bottle automatically measures if patients have taken their medication and uses a wireless antenna inside the bottle to send data to the company’s servers via a 3G network, where it is analyzed in real time, Josh Stein, CEO and founder of AdhereTech, told Design News.

“The system automatically compares what patients are doing to what they should be doing,” he said. “If a dose is missed, AdhereTech reminds the patient and/or caregiver via a series of customizable features, such as automated phone calls or text messages -- as well as on-bottle lights and chimes. The text and phone messages can be modified based on the needs of our customers, and the bottle’s default settings and intervention vary by drug and disease state.”

AdhereTech approached IPS for help with its second-generation design for its smart pill bottle because of the company’s reputation as a world-class design firm, according to Stein.

A smart pill bottle from AdhereTech keeps track of medications and alerts people when it’s time for their next dose.
(Source: AdhereTech)

The original device only worked in North America and couldn’t be manufactured in large volumes, Stein told us. IPS helped AdhereTech design and build the second-generation device, which works globally and can be manufactured at scale, he said. “IPS also helped us to improve our look and feel of the device, battery life, and durability,” he added.

“AdhereTech is used for some of the world's most sensitive medications, so we had to design this product alongside experts in all facets of product design and regulatory compliance,” he said. “We selected IPS because of its expertise in wireless/cellular devices, packaging products, medical devices, and overall safety. They were a valuable guide from concept, to detailed product design, to manufacturing and rollout.”

Doreen Swift, a senior electrical engineer from IPS, said there were a few challenges the companies had to meet to take the smart pill bottle from concept to design, including the aim to keep a traditional feel while including the electronics necessary to meet functionality goals.

“This requirement posed a challenge for the fit of the electronics, antenna, LEDs, and battery while meeting FCC radio regulatory requirements,” she said. “The IPS team developed numerous packaging concepts before bringing the current bottle to fruition. Rapid prototypes were built and tested before the final bottle package was selected.”

Another major challenge the teams encountered was to create a power-efficient design, Swift said. “The pill bottle’s rechargeable battery life needed to exceed a patient’s subscription without requiring battery recharging,” she said. “GSM radios need significant battery power to connect and transmit data.”

To solve the problem, IPS and AdhereTech teams collaborated to select power-efficient components and develop smart algorithms, which allow the product to be power efficient, Swift said. In doing so, IPS was able to create a design which will remain powered for more than three months.

AdhereTech’s smart pill bottle complies with all medical, commercial, and wireless regulatory requirements -- such as FDA, HIPAA, FCC, Europe’s Common Era, US Pharmacopeial, and others -- and currently has active engagements with a number of healthcare firms, including three of the top 15 pharmaceutical companies, Stein said.

Hospitals such as Walter Reed Medical Center, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, and Mt. Sinai also are using the AdhereTech pill bottle -- from about 200 to 2,000 per organization -- to dispense critical, life-saving drugs, such as those for cancer and HIV. The company plans to produce 10,000 of its second-generation smart pill bottles in 2016.

On average, AdhereTech’s smart pill bottle increases medication adherence by more than 20%, which has a positive impact on all the various stakeholders in the healthcare industry, Stein said. “Patients, caregivers, and family members experience better health and well-being,” he said. “Pharmaceutical companies and pharmacies see increased sales and revenues. Payers and providers experience reduced costs.”

Elizabeth Montalbano is a freelance writer who has written about technology and culture for more than 15 years. She has lived and worked as a professional journalist in Phoenix, San Francisco, and New York City. In her free time she enjoys surfing, traveling, music, yoga, and cooking. She currently resides in a village on the southwest coast of Portugal.

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