ZigBee Telecom protocol is kind of out there, but you see competition with other near-field communications. Secret would be to get Apple and Samsung (and others) to agree to a single near-field protocol. When I develop something now to tie to cell, I use wifi, BT, or USB
Tracking wildlife - I take it you are familiar with the existing hardware and protocols. I have experimented with 802.15.4 with triangulation at 900Mhz. Requires having active fixed nodes. Otherwise you are back in the wild with yagis (and typically grad students)
FCS architecture, as envisioned, included adhoc networks among stationary and moving nodes that might be intermittently in range, including distributed sensors in the battlefield. Quite a challenging problem.
Started backwards - @wahaufler - great question! I was involved in FCS a long time ago and yes this does look familiar. 10-20 years ago, I would say military would drive industry; but with today's COTS programs I see it going as you say. And I do think that IoT will have definite military logistics applications as well as perhaps for c4
?? Having studied a bit of what was once called "Future Combat Systems" (FCS), there seems to be a lot of overlap, or a large potential application of IoT to FCS. How do you see the military's use of IoT. Will defense development drive commercial development of this tech, or vice-versa? (I suspect the latter) Thanks
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@Genius Yes, you're right, the "layers" play a huge role. But I just worry about passing 1's and 0's between the different "things" and then deal with 'em at the destination for the results. Yes, HTML, but also oLED's, LED's, computers or a MCU interface to a motor driver, for example. We're just slapping "building blocks" together and using IoT to interpret, manipulate and utilize the 1's and 0's. I'm so glad I wasn't born in the ol' west times. :) I probably would've tried to IoT the telegraph. :)
@JoeFromOzarks: I have spoken the words "if I only had the time to do xxxx" all to often. In the part of the networking I would agree that the wired & wireless Ethernet has been the most developed, and work especially well to transmit HTML. I'm not sure about Zigbee and if it has capability to support HTML. Canbus is currently developing HTML and video/audio streaming for use in the automotive entertainment systems. Essentially there is a "layer" model of communications and at some point there needs to be an IoT "application layer" that can be transmitted over the various "physical layers" of Ethernet, Zigbee, canbus, NFC, etc. that can link multiple devices across multiple network medias. Just my $.02
@Genius That's what I've been toying with, "stuff" or "things." Most of what has taken six months to slap together, a "normal" tinkerer probably would've slapped together in a month of weekends. I'm disabled and have many high pain days (today is a 6/10) so networking everything together is a project to keep my brain (and body) from turning into jello. :) All of this stuff was tied together via Zigbee and was comparable to a tabletop full of "TV remotes" which everyone knows is frustration+1. When I made the decision to switch to wired and wireless ethernet it was simply amazing how seamless connecting everything became. I wish my electric utility would place a smart-meter, but they won't. (sigh) :)
@Wonohkim & JoeFromOzarks: I would have to agree that the IoT is a network of devices. For the home, it would be different things from different vendors such as normally automated things such as the sprinkler systems, smart heating systems (AKA "Nest"), your power and water meters (Smartgrid), and other things that you might not even consider such as my washer/dryer set that has diagnostic capability to the manufacturer LG (it uses an analog modem that you hold up to the handset). Then think of your car- you have the engine ECU, the transmission ECU, the entertainment system w/ MP3 storage, the navigational system with maps, etc. Eventually this will all be networked into a group of devices on our own personal "internets" or networks for us to monitor and control. Think personal SCADA. Lots of devices and lots of data.
@mharkins Data over TCPIP, simply using the regular ol' wireless bases, routers, access points. There are manufacturers of TTL-Serial to ethernet interfaces both wired and wireless, not too expensive and easy to connect. Simplifies pushing data from MCU's or RS232/485 (etc.) on to the network. (I feel as if this is an incomplete and fuzzy answer.) :) My point is, it's becoming easier and cheaper to talk to ethernet networks.
@Wonohkim I've been spending a fair portion of the past six months eliminating proprietary communications (wireless such as Zigbee) and converting to "standard wireless networking" protocols, the eventual goal to communicate everything through a wifi smart phone. Power use, weather station, HVAC controls, robo-mower (if I can figure out accurate triangulation/trilateration code on MCU's,) security system, security camera's, access control and all other devices around the homestead. Currently, most everything operates on its own "communications band" and protocol. Pushing and pulling data across "the Internet" (wifi connectivity) establishes a base for standardization of "Things." Does this help?
@Wonohkim I don't get out as much as I used to, but seems as though IoT, by definition, is supposed to be broad and abstract, IMHO. If we break IoT down "Internet" has become slang for "Connectivity" and "Things" (around these parts) = "Stuff." Connectivity of Stuff. IoT is a catchier 'phrase' than "CoS." :)
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Using wireless chips and accessories, engineers can now extract data from the unlikeliest of places -- pumps, motors, bridges, conveyors, refineries, cooling towers, parking garages, down-hole drills and just about anything else that can benefit from monitoring.
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