I don't think any engineer discounts the potential for energy harvesting to power low energy nodes and I think for certain consumer devices, i.e. remote controls, it coud make sense.
I know your company is obviously heavily invested in the technology and to that end, the implementation details may seem simple to you, however, what is missing in the general knowledge, and in your article, is just how much energy can be collected in a typical environment:
- Realistically how much energy will a solar cell capture if partially shielded in an office environment
- How much energy can one collect from a vibration harvester and in what environments. What is the worst case?
- How much differential to I realistically need for a peltier device and what sort of energy/power output can I get
First and foremost, products must work. Batteries are known entities. Their characteristics are very well known and repeatable under all installation conditions. Where there are failures, the causes are usually easy to debug.
Energy harvesting presents a whole range of possibilities and challenges.
May I suggest a follow up article that discusses those challenges, discusses real world power/energy capabilities of energy harvesting technologies, implementation costs, etc. That is what is required for engineering to propose to marketing new solutions and for CTOs to put their butt on the line.
This is a great article about an important subject. Energy harvesting is indeed a viable alternative to batteries in many low-power applications. It would be nice to know how much current these systems can supply, and how much current it takes to run some of the ultra-low-power applications. Just as important, what are some of the applications that can't use energy harvesting as a power source?
Having worked 7 years in Duracell logic suggests that adaptation of the assembly tooling can be used to dismantle used cells recovering all parts for recycling. It's done for lead acid batteries and can also be done for cylindrical cells at the very least....prismatics are a bit trickier but we're working on it.
Charles, the biggest barrier to battery recycling is not how much of it can be recycled, but rather getting those dead batteries back to any recycling location. Dead batteries are not only a very low value item, they are also often a bit corrosive and somewhat toxic. The logistical challenges of collecting all of those low-value toxic and corrosive cells will not be a small task by any definition. So there is the real challenge. And besides all of that, it is less convenient to dump the cells in a battery recycling bin than in the closest trash bin.
Thanks for a great article on a very timely subject. Non-recycled batteries are a real problem in landfills because of their toxicity. As William points out, battery recycling can be problematic. OTOH, getting used to recycling anything is a matter of habit. We put used batteries in a plastic bag on top of the recycling bin and they get picked up every week curbside.
Excellent article Jim. I agree completely that now is the time to accelerate investigations relative to energy harvesting and push the technology forward in an ongoing fashion. I stand to be corrected but, feel that without Federal and state energy policies, attempts with this undertaking will be fragmented. We all know this will not happen in a judicious manner and the time table will be left up to who get elected next. The work will be left solely up to the private companies dealing with the technology. I am for very limited government so; overall guidelines should and must be accomplished by industry initiatives and the developments by industry standards and policies. For some unknown reason, the FED is always in "catch-up" mode with private concerns doing all of the "heavy lifting".
As long as batteries are dirt cheap they will be partially used in vast quantities and thrown out. Look how many cheap toys are sold with cheap batteries installed, and are often thrown out before the battery is exhausted. There will never be an incentive to switch to alternatives when AA batteries are bought from the source, in bulk, at $0.16 each (or less).
Jim this is really an interesting post , Most of the batteries consist of Cadmium, zinc, lead , mercury copper and so on all these chemicals are harmfull to humans and to enviornment they cant be thrown like that only suitable place should be find to dispose these batteries instead of disposing batteries it is better to recycle them because all these chemicals are very harmfull cadmium can easliy be absorbed by the roots of the plants and it will be accumulated in vegetables and fruits eaten by us results in lack of different things and minerals.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.