I can't say enough how impressed I am not only with this invention, but also with young Ann, who sees the bigger picture of how technology can change the world more than some adults I know. With great minds like this developing and wanting to make a real contribution, I feel optimistic about the future of science and technology in the U.S. and how some young minds have the potential to really make a difference. Plus it is just cool to not have to worry about batteries for a flashlight! And if this can be applied to a flashlight, think of the other applications.
Elizabeth, I agree on both counts. Now if we could get more kids off the video games and interested in doing things...
There are other types of flashlights that use movement to produce electricity and capacitors to store it. In this case neither are needed. It is important and useful to have a light source that does not depend on batteries or other external power sources. In emergency situations you don't want to have to wonder when you last checked those batteries.
What is interesting about a device that uses a delta-T to produce a delta-V is that this is the same principle that is used for nuclear power generators found in deep space probes. What an interesting juxtaposition of applications.
I have nothing against video games, as sometimes they can be very educational. But I do agree, naperlou, that kids might be directed to try other things if they weren't so engaged in that type of play all the time! I didn't know about those other flashlights but they sound pretty cool, too.
Oops, my mistake, SledDog. I guess I meant North America. And maybe she will go to study in the United States at a top engineering school! (You never know...I am sure Canada has great schools as well--I am not insulting Canadian universities!--but MIT is one of the finest in the world for the type of things she seems to be into.)
Your suggestion, notarboca, is noted! I didn't mean to criticize any Canadian schools, by the way...I just personally don't know about universities with engineering specialities there. But I am sure there are a lot ready to welcome inventors like Ann.
This spate of energy harvesting stories that you've done (footsteps, shorts and now flashlights) really points out how fast energy harvesting is coming at us. Each new story is more amazing than the last. If you look at Airbus' plane of 2050, there's a lot of energy harvesting applications on it.
Energy harvesting is kind of like the 3D printing space, Chuck. It's moving faster than you can imagine, and there are countless new devices and ways to harvest energy that are revealed what seems like every day. I really love the potential of this technology.
I agree, Liz. Energy harvesting and 3D printing are two of today's hottest technical areas. Energy harvesting is coming along at the right time, because so many of today's electronic devices are so power stingy and need very little current to run them. Small amounts of current can now be useful.
I hate to be the first, or perhaps only, one to find fault with the flashlight. I applaud Ms.Makosinski's interest in science and engineering and lament the dearth of young people, particularly women, entering engineering. But this design actually seems to ignore the "bigger picture".
The flashlight market is already filled with hand/solar powered designs that use dynamos or photovoltaic cells and various energy storage methods (flywheels, springs, batteries, capacitors) to provide either short or long term energy storage between episodes of energy input. These flashlights retail for less than the cost of just the thermoelectric cooling modules used in Ms. Makowsinki's design. They operate in gloved hands and, if they have internal energy storage, hands free.
I have several dynamo flashlights I've collected over the years, often for no more than a couple dollars. The dynamos they contain are capable of generating 2 Watts for as long as I can keep up my end of the equation. Ten seconds of vigorous cranking or squeezing would provide as much total energy as one hour of holding Ms. Makosinski's flashlight at her max stated power of 5mW.
As thermoelectric generation depends energy transport between the hand and the environment, it will work best in the most uncomfortable circumstances. Gloving your hand to protect from extreme heat or cold would dramatically reduce the available power. I certainly would not wish to grope along on a snowy path holding a metal flashlight in my bare hand. I might welcome squeezing or cranking one with my gloved hands. Wandering the same path on a balmy summer evening might result in no useable temperature differential from which to extract energy. I don't think I want to consult a weather report to know if my flashlight will work.
Using the best LEDs at 200 Lumen/watt (just now being achieved), Ms. Makosinski's flashlight would produce 1 lumen from 5mW. That's enough power to illuminate 40ft2 to the level of a full moonlit night, but not nearly sufficient for many of the tasks for which I have purchased flashlights.
There are two aspects of this design that I do find interesting. First is that we're approaching 200L/W via LEDs and second that we've produced silicon circuits that can be powered from millivolts (I'll guess that one of the "four components" used in her power converter is a Linear Technology LT3108 or something like it, or perhaps a module containing such a chip, which stretches the definition of "component".) As conversion efficiency between electricity and motion/heat/light increases, I see a bright future for useful devices that have low impact on the enviroment and high impact on our personal quality of life.
For more information on human powered devices... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clockwork_Radio
In particular, Trevor Baylis' use of a mainspring to store and meter out cranking energy was widely recognized for it's usefulness... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trevor_Baylis
I encourage Ms. Makosinski to join us in the field of engineering and to not necessarily worry about the practicality of learning experiences like her flashlight. But I caution all of us against confusing the novelty of a thing with its usefulness. Ultimately, engineering is more the latter.
Thank you for providing a different perspective, skroeger, and your points are well taken and certainly based in expertise and experience. I still think Ann's design could have usefulness, and, as you say, she would be more than a welcome addition to the field of engineering.
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.