Me too, tekochip - if the LED is forward biased, I haven't seen one go out as long as the LED is rated for the current level they are running at. Current limiting resistors usually prevent such issues. A friend of mine said he has seen LEDs put right across the secondary of a 16 volt transformer with a series resistor but no diode to block the reverse voltage - the company told the manufacturer that we don't recommend that and they said they have been doing it for years with no problems. Hard to believe!
Interesting article and nice fix. I enjoyed this article specifically because it brought back great memories. As a student, I had my own home-lab set up in my bedroom (my room- mate at the time had two girls so I needed to have it out of reach of curious fingers) and I had the same setup. I was fortunate enough to buy one of the Tektronix scopes that had been used in the labs at school when they remodeled one of the labs and did some upgrades that made a few become available at a price a poor student could afford. Being a faculty assistant at the time allowed me to call dibs on one of them. It was only 20MHz but I was so proud of it and it was my workhorse. When I entered industry the o'scopes that were available (digital storage scopes - wow!) blew me away. My function generator was bought at the sidewalk sale in Dallas - it was a prebuilt trainer that was easy to work on - just pull the top off when something quit working - pretty easy to troubleshoot. It also had AC and DC power supplies. Love those home labs - they are so much fun!
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For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.