In the old days, it was common to excite the sin and cos windings with sinusoidal signals that were 90 degrees out of phase (sin and cos). Then when the shaft rotates, the rotor winding produces a fixed amplitude sine wave, whose phase shifts in proportion to the shaft angle. The control system must then resolve the phase angle of the rotor winding against a reference wave. This was a relatively easy thing to do with analog circuitry. The reference waveform could be the position command signal. The command signal to the actuator is then proportional to the phase error between the resolver rotor and the reference signal.
Engineers at Fuel Cell Energy have found a way to take advantage of a side reaction, unique to their carbonate fuel cell that has nothing to do with energy production, as a potential, cost-effective solution to capturing carbon from fossil fuel power plants.
To get to a trillion sensors in the IoT that we all look forward to, there are many challenges to commercialization that still remain, including interoperability, the lack of standards, and the issue of security, to name a few.
This is part one of an article discussing the University of Washington’s nationally ranked FSAE electric car (eCar) and combustible car (cCar). Stay tuned for part two, tomorrow, which will discuss the four unique PCBs used in both the eCar and cCars.
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