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John Duffy
User Rank
Gold
Re: Parts list and Dimmer
John Duffy   6/21/2014 3:22:49 PM
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I know it's been a while since I posted this, but I recently thought about this again and realized that I was wrong, it IS just 3V across the resistors, not all 12.  Thus the resistors dissipate a total of about 9W on average.  While technically a single 1 ohm 10 watt resistor would therefore work, even using four together, forming a 40 watt resistor, generated well over 100C on each resistor, so I would recommend either making a buck regulator as mentioned by a few others, or splitting it among multiple resistors. 

William K.
User Rank
Platinum
I don't find details.
William K.   6/9/2014 9:33:48 PM
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Interesting posting, but I don't see enough details about mounting the LEDs. It6 would certainly work in a car,with the engine on the battery is at least 12.3 volts. And I have an idea to use an ultracapacitor and a smaller battery pack and just get a short flash. A solid copper computer CPU heatsink would be a good choice, I think that I have one of those. Just a second of light for each flash would be good.

Charles Murray
User Rank
Blogger
Re: SUPER LED FLASHLIGHT
Charles Murray   8/8/2013 5:52:08 PM
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Well said, bobjengr. I couldn't agree more. This young Gadget Freak contributor will make a great engineer some day.

bobjengr
User Rank
Platinum
SUPER LED FLASHLIGHT
bobjengr   8/8/2013 4:57:03 PM
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 Great post.  I am truly gratified to find a student, not only interested in engineering, but one who is resourceful and obviously up to a challenge.  Great work.  The project is also very useful.  I don't know if you wish to market this design and device but I certainly feel it would be a good candidate and the sales effort might be very interesting.

John Duffy
User Rank
Gold
Re: Parts list and Dimmer
John Duffy   1/11/2013 11:27:45 PM
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sorry I took so long to respond, I haven't checked this in a while.  I could have used four LEDs, but the minimum voltage to keep up output is 3V, so if I run four, it would only work as long as its above 12V.  A deep cycle battery will drop the voltage a bit when a load like that is applied, and though ohms law will drop the current going to them based on the resistors, the effect would be way more significant if each gets <3V. 

As for a driver circuit, I could have, but I was pressed for time initally, as I had intended to bring it to a gadget competition at a camp I was attending.  Unfortunatealy, the LEDs didn't ship in time, and I didn't see much of a need to redesign.  Another light I made just a few days ago using two LEDs does use a driver circuit.  As for calculating the resistors, each LED has a frop of 3V, and thus for each LED, just subtract 3V from 12V, then use ohms law for 3A.  I ran three, thus a drop of 9V, leaving 3V.  I needed 3A, thus 1ohm.  two would leave 6V, thus needing 2ohms, and one would leave 9V, needing 3ohms  four would leave 0V, thus 0ohms, but leaving the problems mentioned before.   

As for the safety issue mentioned, most of that was precautionary.  From more than a few inches it won't burn.  Becasue it  has a ~120 degree spread, the power will very rapidly dissipate, so it's NOT like a laser, but is powerful enough to distract or irritate someone from afar. Basically, I just meant don't shine it at cars or in peoples eyes.  It, and almost all things should just be treated as though they are more dangerous than they really are.        

And finially, does anyone have any advice on easy to build 3D printer extruders, specifically, something light that doen't require fabrication access (no milling, latheing (lathing?) 3D printed parts, etc.), just hand tools and such?  I'm building a cheap 3D printer/wax CNC device, and the only problem I haven't fixed so far is the extruder, mainly becasue it will likely be fairly expensive (I'm looking for <$50, though), and thus I don't want to experiment more than I have to, as that will get expensive fast. 

thanks for your help and comments!

Dougoo
User Rank
Iron
Re: Parts list and Dimmer
Dougoo   12/3/2012 10:53:33 AM
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Im am new at this, can you spell out a few things for me,

  If you were to try to make the brighest lamp why would you not use 4 of the leds and not use the droping resistors

  How do you calculate the size (resistance and wattage) of the resistors if you were to use 1,2,3,4 of the led elements

  The dimming circut you spoke about sounds interesting,can you give me more info on how to do that,or take the same aproach as in the led desk lamp #230 It seams to be a different aproach

Thanks in advance

Doug

 

Nugent_56
User Rank
Gold
Parts list and Dimmer
Nugent_56   11/6/2012 3:28:23 PM
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That's 3 leds, and 1 heatsink (referring to parts list). Also, it would be fairly simple to add a dimming circuit using a MOSFET and the LM555 as a PWM controller. Good job..

Cadman-LT
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Laser
Cadman-LT   11/5/2012 2:17:26 PM
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It's still a great gadget. It just seems a little dangerous.

Cadman-LT
User Rank
Platinum
Laser
Cadman-LT   11/5/2012 2:15:35 PM
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Towards the end he mentions it's closer to a laser than a light. I wouldn't build it. I like light, but I don't want to burn what I point it at.

LED MAC
User Rank
Gold
Re: Super 3000 lumen flashlight
LED MAC   11/1/2012 12:47:53 PM
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Good Job Duffy !  Keep your thinking cap on...innovate or perish!

Regarding "dangerous" LED light;   Anyone who works with LEDs has inevitably received 'retina burn' from looking directly at a lit source.   Being an evolved human, the typical person quickly looks away to mitigate the effect....which is annoying at worst.   (seeing spots)   

 

"it hurts when I look at the sun"

"so, don't do that, stupid."

 

Here's a biological safety report from Lumileds for an LED comparable to the one John used.    www.philipslumileds.com/uploads/292/AB81-pdf

 

Result:  Low risk to damage the eye from white LEDs.    I've read elsewhere that exposure to Risk group 1 is comparable energy-wise to looking at the horizon line on a bright sunny day at high-noon in the desert, without sunglasses.   In other words,  peanut butter is probably more dangerous.  

 

That said, good call on the sunglasses/welding mask...those 'after-image' spots are truly annoying, especially if you're trying to work a solder iron!


Note:  blue or royal blue LEDs present a higher biological hazard because of the narrow bandwidth and high energy content of blue light...so if you're developing a remote phosphor system or a weaponized blue LED stun light, keep your welding goggles handy.

 

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