Computerized control of each wheel's torque for both driving and braking will eliminate any adverse effects on the controls and driving experience. Torque steer which I eperienced in my 200 Honda Accord under hard acceleration and a curve can be eliminated by appropriate algorithms in the cotrol system. The same control system can also compensate for loss of power or traction on any combination of wheels.
These systems will evolve and prices will come down once they enter mass production. The benefits of a computer controlled all electric wheel motor arre very compelling.
I remember the Tom Swift books where he built an atomic powered car with wheel motors. I think it could fly as well using the Coanda effect on some rotating cylinders near what would be the rocker panels.
I am glad to see companies attempting new ideas. This idea isn't exactly new, (http://www.treehugger.com/cars/electric-mini-0-60-in-4-seconds-it-has-motors-in-its-wheels.html) but who really cares unless there is IP involved. I hope their efforts bear fruit for others to take it further. The tough parts to this solution will be the control software (traction control, stability control, failure modes) and managing the effects to the passenger's ride experience from the extra unsprung weight in the wheels. I'm not a tire expert, but I bet it will take special small tires to handle the extra stresses as they will undoubtedly rely on the tires to absorb some of the energy from bumps.
With the amount of power they have at each wheel, it should work just fine as an AWD. After all, they have almost a Prius at each wheel! This could be a better than any other version of traction control because each wheel can be controlled independantly. Not something that you can do with 1 power plant and brakes.
I don't think unsprung weight will be much of an issue either. This is a commuter car not an entry into a F1 race.
The other potential issue, is synchronized control of the four motors ... if a failure occurs and one motor loses power, what does that do to control and handling (and tire wear). I would think that the AWD traction control systems would face similar problems, so perhaps this problem has been approached there - except that in those systems, you can default back to standard 2WD operation, which I see as less of a problem than inducing a sudden imbalance between the four drive wheels.
I think time will show that the idea of wheel motors is pretty compelling. Given the ability to control the torque at each wheel will improve handling. It is a tradeoff with the increased unsprung weight but eventually the wheel motors will be much lighter.
The design benefits should not be overlooked in terms of reducing the amount of space taken up by the motor, transmission and other drivetrain components. Moving all this outboard to the wheel provides more room in the chassis for batteries.
The use of plastics is very significant in that reducing weight of the vehicle is the only first order variable in miles per gallon or in this case range of the vehicle.
I 'm looking for a small two seat commuter car much like this one. I drive less than 75 miles per day on my daily commute and can park the car in the garage and connect it to a 240 volt charger for an overnight charge. Five days a week, 50 weeks a year. My big crew cab pickup with a V8 getting 17 miles per gallon will be relegated to weekend duties around town and long distance trips. I figure the savings in gas expenditures will pay for a good piece of the new car payments.
I wonder how durable this system would be. Motors in the wheel where the magnets would also be exposed to all the road shock. I ahve worked with motors where the magnets came loose that were solid mounted with no shock to the motor. Also the cables, the iregular vibration that they would be exposed to going from the frame to the wheel would have to be considerred a harsh environment.
I would favor a mid mounted motor driving 2 wheels through more conventional half shafts. Fewer motors with the motors temselves being isolated from vibration and shock. Also would require few, albeit larger, motor controllers. From experience - the more complex the system, the more likeley it is to fail. More controllers, the more places to fail and the more likelyhood of a failure...
My opinion is that many of the current designs are made t do well in the JDPowers 1 year owner survey, but I would like to know how these designs will do in 5 and 10 years. For $32,000,00 US this car has to last a while to be able to justify the expenditure for all but the wealthy. Byut then, when folks will commit themselve to a $300,000+ house that they can't pay for I guess a $32,000 car they can't pay for seems like peanuts.
Hmmm...looking at the website I'm getting the impression this is still pretty conceptual. The claimed weight on their pdf was 1580 kg (3483 lb), OK but not amazing and production vehicles rarely seem to make their projected weight.
With EVs I'm taking the stance that I'll believe their mileage claims when several independant testers confirm it and I'll believe their "price" when they can operate profitably at that number without external support.
Best of luck to them, but I'm not getting excited just yet.
Wal-Mart will hold its second Made in the USA Open Call July 7-8, at its headquarters in Bentonville, Ark. The event will be a repeat effort by the world’s biggest seller of consumer goods to increase the amount of US-made products it sells in Wal-Mart stores, in Sam’s Club members-only wholesale outlets, and on walmart.com.
From design feasibility, to development, to production, having the right information to make good decisions can ultimately keep a product from failing validation. The key is highly focused information that doesn’t come from conventional, statistics-based tests but from accelerated stress testing.
There’s a good chance that a few of the things mentioned here won't fully come to fruition in 2015 but rather much later down the line. However, as Malcolm X once said, "The future belongs to those who prepare for it today."
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.