I'm convinced it's the difference in the thermal coefficient of expansion between the brass rivet and the aluminum shell. I've replaced several Edison sockets over the years. Though the ones in the little 150W PAR cans I use in a small stage-lighting rig are ceramic rather than phenolic, the construction is similar. Over the years I've had a couple of the replacements (from a U.S. manufacturer) fail as well, always with the same problem. But I'm old enough to remember Edison sockets with identical construction except that the shell was also a brass, bronze or copper alloy, not aluminum. I don't recall seeing this particular failure mode back then.
Not sure how drugs are examined to identify counterfeit, but the Independent Distributors of Electronics Association offers certification in identifying counterfeit electronic components. Apparently there are signs to help inspectors identify counterfeit components even though the counterfeiters are getting very clever (such as having legitimate components sitting on top of counterfeit components).
There's probably ONLY two manufacturers of these devices left in the U.S. / Canada, and that's LEVITON & EAGLE. You know that even IF they manufacture some items in China, they have rigid quslity control procedures in place to prevent such anomalies.
Jon touched on the very essence of the problem with this socket. An aluminum shell with brass rivets. That's the same lethal combination that was present in the late 1960s when copper was scarce due to the Viet Nam conflict, and houses were being built using aluminum wiring. Even the revised copper-clad aluminum wiring still posed a potential threat. IF you did any electrical work during that period, you learned very quickly to bathe the terminals in "NO-ALOX", or another anti-oxidizing compound to inhibit the formation of Al Oxide. And, terminals on devices were relabeled w/ the CU/AL logo to identify them as safe for either copper wire, copper-clad wire, OR aluminum wire.
Jon, thanks for this article and even more for your comment about counterfeit UL labels. How scary is that?! I knew about fake chips and drugs, but fake electrical compliance labels is something we can't "watch out for" as consumers--how the heck are we supposed to know they are fake?
Good point, TJ. We have counterfeit semiconductors imported from Asia, so it's no big deal to put a UL or CSA label on a component such as a light socket, particularly if purchasing and manufacturing occur somewhere in Asia. And it's not just counterfeiting of electrical and electronic materials. The FDA has many cases of fake drugs--Avastin, for example--coming from overseas "suppliers." In the case of Avastin, the source of the fake drug didn't even bother tp try to reproduce the type of label Genentech puts on the real drug and it still got through several distributors.
Naperlou, the independent party testing label is still not a guarantee of a good design, or even of a valid part. UL is constantly watching out for parts with counterfeited labels. The parts most commonly seen with such false labels come from overseas because it is difficult to prosecute.
Jon is correct. You really need to look for the UL, or similar, testing labels. Cheap parts are nice in that they keep the price of products down. On the other hand, as Mydesign points out it can be dangerous if you are dealing with electricity.
As for an new design for lightbulbs, the reason this has not been changed is that the manufacturers don't want to force the cost of an upgrade on the consumer. This is nice, but it also perpetuates poor design choices of the past.
Jon, quality and finishing matters a lot, especially anything related to electricity. It's not safe to handle any devices made of poor quality materials, which can end up in electric shock. Proper design to handle the device is also important.
Robots that walk have come a long way from simple barebones walking machines or pairs of legs without an upper body and head. Much of the research these days focuses on making more humanoid robots. But they are not all created equal.
The IEEE Computer Society has named the top 10 trends for 2014. You can expect the convergence of cloud computing and mobile devices, advances in health care data and devices, as well as privacy issues in social media to make the headlines. And 3D printing came out of nowhere to make a big splash.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.