We use them a lot in vibration testing/measurement. If you consider the sampling rate of a sine wave, and the apparent measured frequency of high frequency signals measured too slowly, Nyquist is a good place to start, but we typically acquire data at much higher speeds than 2X our filter cutoff frequency.
Execellent explanation on using filters and the Nyquist-Shannon theorem . This will be of great use to every engineer as Nyquist-Shannon theorem was and is realy the backbone of communication engineering. Thanks Jon!
Very nice explanation on using filters and the Nyquist-Shannon theorem - something every test engineer needs to keep in mind when determining their sampling rate. Thanks for another great article, Jon!
I recommend using an anti-alias filter whenever you must measure anuthing more than a DC, or near-DC signal. Some companies include them in data-acquisition equipment or on analog-to-digital-converter (ADC) boards, and some don't, so it pays to ask. If a board or system includes a filter or filters, find out how much control you have over it and get a plot of frequency vs. attenuation (a Bode plot) and a plot that shows phase vs. frequency. I didn't get into phase changes in this column, but people should know that filters change phase relationships of signals, too. Those changes could affect measurements when you must correlate signals in the time domain.
Engineers can build their own anti-alias filters, but I don't recommend that course unless they have filter-design experience and plan to build a lot of them. Commercial filters are the way to go in almost all situations.
Altair has released an update of its HyperWorks computer-aided engineering simulation suite that includes new features focusing on four key areas of product design: performance optimization, lightweight design, lead-time reduction, and new technologies.
At IMTS last week, Stratasys introduced two new multi-materials PolyJet 3D printers, plus a new UV-resistant material for its FDM production 3D printers. They can be used in making jigs and fixtures, as well as prototypes and small runs of production parts.
In a line of ultra-futuristic projects, DARPA is developing a brain microchip that will help heal the bodies and minds of soldiers. A final product is far off, but preliminary chips are already being tested.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.