The total cost of the laser diodes would be minimal, only a few bucks, but the insurance for willingly blinding people would add additional costs. Your only hope would be to skip town til the whole thing blew over once you use my brilliant lighting system...
Right, but couldn't one go back to the traditional dual filament concept by building LED tail light fixtures with a combination of dispersion optics and LED chips with two power leads, one for powering, lets say only a few of segments of a multi-segment LED substrate. Cheap LED chips could still be used but packaged so there was control over the number of chips powered at any moment and with proper dispersion optics so the pattern/beamwidth would remain the same.
My guess is the constant current sources would still end up being switchers for reasons of efficiency even though steady power levels would be required for each LED string. And, of course, you'd require two different current source supplies so each string received the appropriate current. Humbug!
And here's a retro idea, as LED efficiency continues to soar, why not continue to produce older, lower efficiency chips, bin them so they can be assembled on substrates offering two intensities both requiring the same current! Only one constant current supply would be required alternately feeding the low or high intensity (filament) lines.
I think they should go to high intensity solid-state lasers instead of leds. You can operate them at any consistent power level, as they have built-in photodetectors, and if the guy behind you refuses to lower his high beams, you can burn the retinas right of of his thoughtless eyeballs!
@bdcst: I'm right there with you, annoyed by the flickering of LED taillights that are operated by a PWM switcher driver. Unfortunately, if the lamp makers insist on using the cheapest LEDs, this is really the only approach to getting both STOP and TAIL out of the same LED, or to just get predictable and consistent lower intensities. Most LEDs are only characterized at one drive current, that is, at a high drive current. In order to get a consistent and repeatible lower intensity with one of these LEDs, the designer MUST use a PWM switcher. If they used a constant (low) drive current, the flickering would be gone, but there would be too much intensity mismatch between LEDs on the same lamp...no good.
There are other LEDs that are characterized at both high and low drive currents, which allows the designer to use simple constant current or even better the cheapest, simplest and most reliable resistive driver. But again, if the lamp makers have their "cheap LED blinders" on, it's best to stick to the flickering nuisance.
Maybe the folks who develop these lamps have burned their retinas so badly over the years that they can't notice the flickering anymore...so no problem!
Actually there was some better body filler called "swiss" that I liked a lot more than Bondo. I used several quarts of it to rebuild a 1965 Barracuda, the very best handling car ever. OF course, that was after it had been set up for circle track racing. Much different springing, cheater slicks in back, and "roadmaster" tires in front. THis gave it a bit of oversteer that was predictable and smooth.
The "vent" from where the floor shift had been was never a source of cool air, it provided a hot blast of engine heated air whenever it popped open, so it got closed with a good sheetmetal plate. I did install an automatic when I replaced the "broken" raceing engine with a reliable Slant Six.
Ozark (one of my fave groups, Ozark Mountain Daredevils). Too many cars of today are soulless appliances. Even my 1983 Pontiac 6000STE (I called it the primitive racer, since the technology in it was definitely carryover early 70's) was the front end of the appliance car era in my opinion. The sad part was, it was about the only sports sedan you could buy at the time(actually it was the derivative of the Chevy Citation X-11) and even that was a stretch (I used to laugh at my buddy's Audi 5000 that had the ill deserved feature that I called the auto accelerative option, another buddy had a turbo Saab that never seemed to be anywhere but in the shop to fix that turbo spinner). The Pony-ac, worked first time every time, had it until 2000 with over 190,000 miles and in fine condition when those nagging uv attached parts started to fail and even the last of the remaining A bodies the Buick could not be found intact in the junkyards. I donated the car and a week later, before the state got the title transfer file, I got a call from the staties telling me "my" car was found as a burned out totalled hulk on the Schuylkill expressway.
Next car? 98 Pony-ac Grand Prix GT in black (this model only looked good in black) mostly an appliance car, no emotional attachment, gave it to my oldest son. Now, a 2010 Fusion Hybrid. I like... but once again...appliance. Gotta find a car with some soul!
Hey Staber Dearth Good Read! Reminds me of my fitrst purchase in '59 of a '29 Model "A", Black, of course and of a much heavier guage metal than your's and easier to maintain....used black spray paint, made it look brand new! I installed a Wolf Whistle and Ahooga Horn for effects. No AC but GOOD ventelation at speed as the shifter floor plate cover would rise UP the Shift shaft....NOT SO GOOD in RAIN but, interesting when with a female companion; as were the MANUAL Brakes too.
If you ever rebuild one of these DON'T use anything butSTAINLESS steel cotter pins on the brake actuation linkage! IF the main crossbar pin comes out it IS A HAIR RAISING EXPERIENCE especially if you're going down hillAT THE TIME WHICH IS TYPICALLY THE CASE.
Oh, one last comment. Be alert that you passenger doesn't kick the under dash fuel valve to OFF at an oppertune moment just to have some fun at your expense.
PS Paid $200, used it 2+ yrs, Maint Cost under $50... SOLD for $3000 at college in short one of the best fun buys of my life!
First thoughts (stream of consciousness...)? Going back to the three Plymouth Valiants we owned immediately post college days. A 71 two door Scamp with a black vinyl top that lasted longer and looked far better than any on even more expensive cars.
Two 72's - all slant sixes, one a butt ugly slime green color with, cold as the arctic, vinyl seats in the winter and an egg fryer in the summer. All had AC units that could freeze ice cubes and would startle a pedestrian at any cross walk when they kicked in. You could tell your parking space by the oil spill as tightening up any gaskets only squeezed then out of their place and the oil leaks only continued).
Quarter panels? We don't need no stinking metal in the quarter panels! That's what Bondo is for! Steering? Plus or minus a jerk left or right kept you on the road, radial retrofits after bias ply did nothing for the car!
But these cars were reliable as hell! Could fix them with your bare hands for the most part. The trunk? Bigger than any car in its price range had any right to be. And those vent windows and under dash air gates that you got adept at opening with a flick of your foot. Once I gave up my 71 Scamp, I saw it around town, overladen with a handyman's tools in the back seat and trunk for a good decade beyond 1983! It was no longer white but a tinged bleed through shade of iron oxide. The vinyl top still looked showroom new! It had to be made of cockroach shell extract.
The new Dart? Eh...I've got LED lights on my deck, they are not novel anymore and in this case a marketing hype. Just put 'em on and be done with it! Why not use neon lights since the car looks like a frikkin' new version of a Dodge Neon! Put back those wing vents...then we're talkin'!
Robots that walk have come a long way from simple barebones walking machines or pairs of legs without an upper body and head. Much of the research these days focuses on making more humanoid robots. But they are not all created equal.
The IEEE Computer Society has named the top 10 trends for 2014. You can expect the convergence of cloud computing and mobile devices, advances in health care data and devices, as well as privacy issues in social media to make the headlines. And 3D printing came out of nowhere to make a big splash.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.