I get no solar, just lots of shade which saves me much money on A/C, the big cost here in Fla. The trees are so tall and we have extremely bad lightning here with windgens getting hit 1-2x's a yr.
So I pay extra, $5/200kwhr, from my utility who buys it from producers, a mix of biomass and solar in my area.
I use little power because I use just CFL's, laptop, flat TV, have a hot water switch and only turn it on when needed. I run temps at 60f in cold and 80f in summer with heated seat covers, blankets or a fan. Plus my place is only 250sq'. Also my EV's and workshop. 3.5-13kwhrs/day.
And $10.50 of the bill is for billing, etc. I pay around $.13/kwhr.
If you have more heating needs a very small water cooled 4-8hp diesel run at 1800 or better 1200rpm on used veg oil collected from fast food joints supplies both heat and electric needs. Not sure why most up north doesn't do this as electric savings and sales can pay for even FF, especially NG.
What is really needed is a heat engine based on A/C-rankine tech that can be powered by burning any biomass or put into most furnances to make extra electricity.
Since you live on the west coast you certainly can buy RE from your utility is the easy way.
Lots of power in water that runs 2mph or faster or can have some head height of more than a few feet. If you can do that you'd be in high cotton .
Tim: I agree this is a concern. A similar concern would be a sudden, unexpected need for the car. Even if you leave enough charge to go a short distance, some EV batteries take eight hours to recharge at 240V.
Jerry, can you be a little more explicit about what you mean by "Personally because I live in an old oak forest I can't do solar or wind so I buy RE inexpensively." I live in a redwood forest where solar is not possible--the trees are too dense and too tall. I'm looking into wind, but we don't really have that much here, either, and foir various reasons I can't harness the creek's energy. What kinds of RE/AE do you use? And why are your electrical expenses so low?
Yes V2G will greatly help the future grid though saying RE depends on storage isn't correct.
First only large distant wind farms have the problem and they can have onsite biomass back up.
Biomass, Solar thermal, geo thermal, hydro, biofuels, tidal/river are all steady or on demand. No?
PV on homes/buildings in most places generator when power is needed most so is 5-10x's as valuable than steady sources or randomly intermitant ones. And even there if many, widely spread out means RE will average out quite well.
As the facts show this whole ssue is a red herring made up by big coal and utilities as they know for retail customers RE is cost effect compared to coal in many places and that scares them big time.
Facts are demand is far more variable that RE which is easily handled now, mostly by spinning reserve, producing more power than needed. Where V2G saves utilities much cash is not having to run these and let the EV's, home/building battery pack handle the peaks/valleys minute to minute, saving much fuel and generator wear.
No new inverter is needed as EV's already have 50-200kw inverter onboard to control the motor. Since 1995 AC Propulsion has built these V2G with a battery charger all in one and Ford put them in E Rangers in the late 90's. So not a new tech.
As for a drained battery, you'll put in a time where the battery is fully charged and can be changed by cellphone. The Utilities will only use 10-20% of a system, not fully discharge them. And since night is the low load, all EV's and home/building systems would be fully charged by morning.
How they will be used is max power for 1-5 minutes to handle a peak, them charged back up to fill a demnand valley, etc.
This can happen many times/day. As for wearing out the battery, most new good lithium ones claim 10k+ full cycles making it moot if they do. Likely they will die from age problems before cycle death.
Finally the EV's pollute more because they run from coal is false myth planted by coal supporters. The EPA studied this yrs ago when plants were far dirtier and even then EV's charged from coal because of EV's eff, polluted less than cars. Coal is now far cleaner though still deadly, has dropped 20% in the last few yrs and more coal plants shutting or canceled , every day thankfully. And as of last night when the budget bill passed without cutting new pollution regs, many more will be shut or changed to NG.
Personally because I live in an old oak forest I can't do solar or wind so I buy RE inexpensively. Since I only use $23-45/month for all home, heating, AC, transport/EV charging needs, it's not bad. The cheapest energy is that which you don't use.
This is a good concept that does have potential. My main concern would be the power grid being able to drain your EV down without you knowing it. If you plug it in overnight to allow it to charge for the next day's use, you also allow the grid to pull what remaining energy you had stored which may leave you with a dead vehicle in the morning. Hopefully, ther are safe guards in place to stop thsi from happening.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.