A whole bunch of years ago I designed and improved system for checking the fuel injection system s tverify that all 4 of the 1.2 ohm injectors were connected. I replaced a resistance measuring systemthat had problems with one that used a constant current source. Because the injectors were relatively high power devices I was allowed to run 100Ma through the harness as part of the test. I used a constant current regulated source, and so the connected harness assembly yielded 100 millivolts per ohm, entirely adequate resolution. My application only required four wires to provide the needed accuracy. It worked well and saved our company a lot of money, and it made our customer happy as well. On top of that, it gave us a very short product lead time.
If you have a resistance (A) in a network of other resistances, Ohm's Law dictates the resistance you would measure directly across resistance A. To accurately measure resistance A by itself, you either isolate it from the circuit (removing it would do the job) or electrically null the other resistances so no current flows through them. That's what the 6-wire technique does. Automatic test equipment (ATE) uses a similar technique to electrically isolate resistances. By the way, a similar technique would for capacitances, too.
The need to electrically isolate components does require extra test equipment, but the 6-wire technique offers the only practical way to make accurate in-circuit resistance or capacitance measurements.--Jon
So if I understand it correctly, this six-wire technique works best when there's a network of resistors and you're challenged with measuring the resistance of only one? It also makes sense when measuring resistance with test equipment because of the possible interferences by dirt, grim, etc.? I'm wondering how much more difficult this technique is compared with standard practices?
New versions of BASF's Ecovio line are both compostable and designed for either injection molding or thermoforming. These combinations are becoming more common for the single-use bioplastics used in food service and food packaging applications, but are still not widely available.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This radio show will show what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.