I'm visiting a customer on the East coast this week. While driving, I've noticed that the city opted for LED traffic signals. They come to one's attention because about 30% of the LEDs in the lights are non-functional (the green lights are quite noticable). Is there really a longevity gain by switching to LEDs?
The information presented is certainly very useful, and presented in an interesting and usable manner. But the information about heat removal is missing, it appears. Since heat is the primary challenge in LED lighting, it is important, even vital, that anyone designing LED lighting understand both the heat generation and the heat removal mechanisms. After all, the selling point of the more expensive solid state lighting systems is reliability and long life, the two things that heat limits most.
Kudos to the author for writing about a necessary and important subject. Given the fact that LEDs are about to take over in hundreds of new applications in the next ten years, ranging from automobiles to aircraft to medical equipment, a primer on this subject is badly needed.
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.