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William K.
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Platinum
Turbulent VS Laminar flow for heat exchange
William K.   8/25/2011 10:13:06 PM
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The evaluation in the blog is correct in asserting that turbulent flow is much better for heat removal, and the reason goes a bit further as to why laminar flow does not pick up heat as well. In a truely laminar flow situation the fluid molecules next to the surface may not be moving at all, and the next layer are moving very slowly, with a classical velocity gradient up to the fastest moving molecules, which are usually those farthest from the wall. The result is that heat is primarily transfered to the air br conduction through the stagnant layers. This is the mechanism of laminar flow's poorer performance. 

Not the most exciting explanation in the world, but some useful background stuff.

Rob Spiegel
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Blogger
Feedback on this blog
Rob Spiegel   8/26/2011 8:51:12 AM
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Hey, everyone,

I'd like your impression on this blog. Typically, the Sherlock Ohms blog follows the story of an engineering trying to solve a vexing-but-pressing problem. Usually it's after something goes wrong.

In this case, our Sherlock is sussing out an answer during the design process. This certainly still involves logic, investigation and knowledge.

Does this approach have value? If you collectively think so, we could start adding more examples of engineering-in-action in addition to figuring out how to solve a problem.

ed_bltn
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Iron
Re: Turbulent VS Laminar flow for heat exchange
ed_bltn   8/26/2011 11:45:31 AM
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William K.'s response is correct. Going a little farther, once the heat is in the plenum air laminar vs turbulent doesn't matter so much. What matters most is the volume of heated air leaving the system. High volume usually means high speed and turbulent.

Wayne
User Rank
Iron
Using Air for Cooling within Computer Cabinets
Wayne   8/26/2011 11:51:20 AM
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Consider the medium that is being used to remove heat, AIR.  The molecules in air are relatively far apart.  With laminar flow, very few air molecules will come into contact with the hot surface.  Turbulent flow increases the number of molecules that comes into contact with the hot surface and this leads to greater heat transfer.  Turbulent flow consumes additional energy, which adds to the ineffiencies to the air flowing system.  Some of this additional energy turns into sound, hence noisier.  Most of the additional energy will turn into heat.  One observation I have noticed on computer equipment cooling is the direction the air is moving thru the cabinet.  On a majority of equipment, the fan is position to pull air thru the cabinet.  This will lower the air pressure inside the cabinet, with the resulting lower density of air.  The net effect is to increase the amount of void spaces between the air molecules.  A better system will be to push air into the computer cabinet, increasing the density of the cooling air inside the cabinet.  Another benefit of this concept is the ability to pressurize the cabinet with filtered air, keeping the inside of the cabinet cleaner.

William K.
User Rank
Platinum
Re: Feedback on this blog
William K.   8/26/2011 8:07:50 PM
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Rob, please check my comment on my posting of the 25th for my opinion.

Any time I am able to learn, I consider it valuable. If it is interesting and even entertaining, so much better yet.

OhmsLaw
User Rank
Gold
Re: Turbulent VS Laminar flow for heat exchange
OhmsLaw   8/27/2011 5:44:51 PM
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Correct on maximizing near surface air speed.

. I call the flow inside a PC as the path of least air resistance which is generally missing all the hot spots well above the surface.

 

If a well designed plenum existed to cover the motherboard, air could be forced at a much more efficient lower volume and higher surface speed.  The noise is usually on the exit vents and fan blades and not on the paths in between. Which is where my Spoiler design simply force air down under a thin cover sheet over circuit board (open frame PSU in my case)

OhmsLaw
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Gold
Re: Feedback on this blog
OhmsLaw   8/27/2011 5:56:25 PM
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I should have made my problem sound more vexing...

I ran the twin fans at 10% over voltage and the only thing that happened was the piano sound board of the rack mount lid just buzzed like crazy and never got cool enough. I could not afford nor fit any larger fans in the design. After racking my brains, I tried the smoke test to verify laminar flow was ineffective.  

My dilemna was how to create a turburlent wave down the surface area of an open framed power supply no next to no cost.  The Spoiler-like fold on the front end of the polycarb cover.  Not quite like a Nascar front bumper but, you get the idea.

I think Design challenges are not allows so dramatic but can be very difficult in finding the best performance, cost and reliability. This should be valuable for those just graduated as well as those with many past memories.

 

jmiller
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Platinum
I apprectiate articles like this
jmiller   8/28/2011 6:28:43 PM
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I do apprectiate the up front look at design issues like this.  It's one thing to go through the problem solving and deduction of what went wrong that is commonly demonstated in the Sherlock Ohms articles.  But I also appreciate the up front approach used in this article.  Anything that provides good insight, basic engineering principles used in a way that is ingenuitive (sp) and is enjoyable to read is apprectiated.

ChrisP
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Silver
Re: Turbulent VS Laminar flow for heat exchange
ChrisP   8/28/2011 7:29:50 PM
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I don't understand how you think you got laminar flow.  Laminar flow is quite difficult to achieve and certainly doesn't exist downwind of a grill or fan. 

If you are trying to achieve laminar flow then you need a smooth entry with no sharp edges.

 

 

OhmsLaw
User Rank
Gold
Re: Turbulent VS Laminar flow for heat exchange
OhmsLaw   8/28/2011 8:45:20 PM
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The 1U high open framed PSU was about half the width of the 19" wide rack.

A folded cover using cut sheets of mylar to make a plenum of smooth air to flow into the dual fans near one end were also covered to make a duct to push air out the vented side. This plenum supports the inertia of air force it in one direction from one end to the other. Although not pure laminar flow, it was fairly uniform in direction and flow.

 

What made this design unique was restricting the intake area with a sloped vent, to a) increase the linear speed and setup a large eddy current of air to flow fastest at the surface where the hot spots started and continued to the middle of the PSU.  

The position of the sloped plastic cover or spolier served to disturb the air mostly on the input and was more uniform albeit not pure laminar towards the intake to the fans.

Thats the best explanation I give without a diagram or more words.

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