Generally used for Avation / military products. I would assume (?) any other similar specifications from CE (or equ) would be similar. Namely, a primary focus (say vibration or shock) and a expected environment (helicopter?) with a specified range expected (amplitude vs frequency limits).
Bottom line for a given application: there are likely limits already established (from a appropriate agency)..
Assuming the manufacturer/designer is paying attention!
As for a pump working 40 years.. how good does it have to be?
While I realize the pump example was a lead-in to the point of the article I wonder if you were a plumber you would have seen this coming?
"I never expected that connection to rust away and fail, because it always seemed solid." "Seemed solid" is key here.
Every time I have to do some plumbing I ask questions. My experience with DIY hot water heater repair and advice from my plumbing store would have had me wondering about cast iron anything. I was about to add a pressure regulator using cast iron fittings from Home Despot and was at my real plumbing house buying a hot water heater because I couldn't get the anode rod out of my current one. The plumbing store told me the cast iron would rust away. Something not on my radar. I switched to brass.
I bought the new HW heater (it's not really a hot water heater, now is it?) and before tearing the old one out I gave the anode rod another try and voila! It came out. I replaced it. Now I have a brand new spare cold water heater waiting in line. Not a bad investment, as the prices have doubled in the last few years. But still wasn't on my radar.
I am surprised that a junction of steel and cast iron would corrode, but certainly there was a great deal of elapsed time. If there dissimilar metals were connects, eg brass or copper against steel, galvanic corrosion would occur much faster.
However, the real reason I wrote this note is that citing MIL 217 is bad advice. That spec is 40 years old and is flat out wrong regarding the physics. Conversely, JEDEC JEP122 is up to date and physically correct.
My unstated point was that after forty years in such a complex environment failure should be expected. Unexpected failure is after one week or even one day. As time passes failure becomes more likely. Most failures are due to ignorance of exposure margins, stress or temperature cycles, time, misapplication, etc. A notable example is our recent national economic collapse brought on by the abused housing market, a trusted source of capital so good that bonds based on home mortgages were rated AAA as a matter of course over scores of years experience until an environment of greed and lax Federal supervision combined with legislative excess and criminal behavior interfered. Each of the corrosive activities on its own were recognized as dangerous causes of risk of failure. The barrier to reason was the cognitive dissonance of that degree of collapse. The predatory banks are protected by the too big to fail provenance dispensed by our collaborative Treasury Department and our similar Securities and Exchange Commission while all home owners are victims of the loss of equity. If failure of the economy had been expected by the appropriate individuals, investigations would have been conducted to defend against it, much like your stock of repair parts which might have included an entirely new pump, as well.
I used the pump as an example of an unexpected failure and as a way to introduce the topic of testing. I would bet, though, that companies that make automobile, aircraft, and ship pumps do subject them to vibration testing. --Jon
I cannot understand the concern for a rapid test to predict the life of a low carbon steel - cast iron couple (obviously different metals) in a vibratory (spinning un- balanced rotor) in fresh lake water (high akali metal salt content if hard water) that lasted forty years of two weeks or so wet and fifty or so weeks dry (?) per cycle. Was there an expansion tank in the system to absorb water hammer on shut off (high tensile shock)? I'll bet your new pump won"t do as well. Without knowing more about your actual layout, speculating is vanity.
Jon, Then the repair method would be to silver-solder in a brass or copper fitting, after a great deal of cleaning up-probably a 3-day soak in an oxalic-acid type of cleaner, such as some radiator flush. That would have left you with a quite durable connection. If you have kept the old pump, you could repair it for when the new one fails.
Hi, William. The pipe threaded into the cast-iron pump body that had a threaded hole. The plumber used pipe-joint compound when he attached the pipe in the late 1960's. The threads on the pipe and on the pump housing were gone and all I saw was a rusty mass on the end of the pipe and an uneven hole on the pump. No threads to clean out. Sorry I didn't take a photo, but we had a lot going on that day. There was nothing to salvage. If I knew of a nearby machine shop, I coulset up and maintain seemed like the better course. Time will tell. --Jon
I have done repair work on a very large range of things, and I have looked at various tests, such as the military salt spray test.
What I see is that material choice controls the rate of corrosion, and the test can be done at a desk prior to the first physical model. Some steel alloys will corrode very rapidly, and some assemblies will fail due to rust very quickly, simply because of how they are made. Cheap alloys or grades of steel that are cold-worked seem to be the most likely to fail, and if the design does not include a means to keep moisture away from them, they certainly will fail. There is no need to do actual testing to prove that the failure will occur, the determination can be made simply by inspection.
In the case of you pump, Jon, I wonder if the part that failed was threaded into the cast iron, or just pressed in? A threaded in part that failed would potentially allow the mating part to have the remains removed and the connection cleaned up with a pipe tap, and a new fitting installed. Use of a galvanized fitting would probably have extended the sys6tem life many years, even if the rust-failure area were not galvanized. And, of course, a heavy coating of moisture proof sealant would also have improved the lifetime.
At this year's MD&M West show, lots of material suppliers are talking about new formulations for wearables and things that stick to the skin, whether it's adhesives, wound dressings, skin patches and other drug delivery devices, or medical electronics.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.