You've both identified the critical question. Ferroelectric thin films have been able to move into production very easily for simple functions like RF substrates - folks like Matsushita, Panasonic use them regularly but don't talk about it. Nonvolatile memory, less successfully. Ramtron has had a decent specialty memory business for years, and has licensed tech to IBM, but it's never been at the right function and price point to challenge flash memory. Then, when we get to nano-structures for energy harvesting, well, you just upped the ante by ? factor of 5? factor of 10? I will bet that some ferro-nano amorphous technologies will emerge for solar PV cells, but there will be plenty of them that will never get out of the lab!
The bridge to high-volume production is a big one. It's amazing how much technology is fantastic on lab scale but not practical as a production material. It takes a ton of time, patience, money and conviction to get to the goal post.
Most of the new 3D printers and 3D printing technologies in this crop are breaking some boundaries, whether it's build volume-per-dollar ratios, multimaterials printing techniques, or new materials types.
Independent science safety company Underwriters Laboratories is providing new guidance for manufacturers about how to follow the latest IEC standards for implementing safety features in programmable logic controllers.
Automakers are adding greater digital capabilities to their design and engineering activities to promote collaboration among staff and suppliers, input consumer feedback, shorten product development cycles, and meet evolving end-use needs.
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