To the question about using CFD to do thermal model. I've done some and have used consultants who specialize in it. Here's my take on the subject. If it's a straight forward application, just measure the temperatures with a thermocouple and extrapolate. If it's complex geometry you might want to model it. But what you get out of it depends on what you put in. You still have to prototype it and get some anchor points and verification for your thermal model. Sometimes the answers are about what you expect. Sometimes experience helps you know what to expect. There are some rules of thumbs for power supplies: efficiency, power/square inch, should guide you on whether and how big a heat sink you need. I believe Ron goes over these in his book Practical Design of Power Supplies.
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.