A nurse examines a patient under the watchful eye of a doctor via the RP-VITA, a robot co-developed by iRobot and InTouch Health that can autonomously travel around a hospital and allow a physician to administer care as if he or she is in the room with a patient. (Source: InTouch Health)
This is a great development. Given the number of patients doctors have to see in a day, this could help make better use of their time. Proper triage procedures would obviously be essential, however. This type of technology makes most sense for patients who aren't in any kind of immediate danger or who aren't critical vs. those with more pressing issues where an in-person examination is preferrable.
Love the integration with the iPad. That's bound to make the technology far more accessible to tech-adverse docs.
This is a very timely idea, given the way medical treatment is changing. More and more often, I'm seeing that many doctors have a physician's assistant who visits the patient and does a basic interview minutes before the doctor arrives. This concept seems to be a twist on the physician's assistant trend.
They put a similar thing into one of the area ICU's (I think) in the Milwaukee area. While it wasn't anywhere close to being as advanced as the system described here, I thought it was a good start. The primary advantage is that the more experienced doctor could keep an eye on patients in other locations rather than having to transfer everybody to the "mother ship".
I can see this medical technology being used in a limited way for the emergency room. Less critical cases can be addressed by a telepresence robot, thereby alleviating the long wait time in emergency room. Great article Beth!
Actually, Elizabeth has to take credit for this one, Mrdon, but I agree it was a real interesting post.
I like Chuck's parallel to the trend of Physician Assistants doing more of the early interviewing and upfront examination work. I am seeing that with the doctors we see as a family. Although from a personal standpoint, I can't help but think I'd feel the doctor was somewhat detached if I wasn't interacting with them directly and doing so via remote telepresence technology. Maybe not for a routine examination, but certainly for something with more serious ramifications.
Beth, You bring up a good point regarding doctor-patience relationship and beside manner. Today's doctors in residence are being scrutinized for their beside manner. Being impersonal with a patient makes it difficult to address their medical needs. Not quite sure how telespresence technology will address this since the doctor will not physically be in the room with the patient. Body lanaguage plays an important role in treating patience.
I remember our family doctor visiting our home when one of us kids was sick. Talk about bedside manner. But I like this robot idea. This has got to be more efficient than our current system. At a time of ever escalating medical costs, it's nice to see some efficiency introduced.
@Robatnorcross: You're going to have to explain what you mean by the house cleaning comments. Is that because we're talking about a robot?
The reality is, the days of doctors doing house calls are far in the past. I'm 50 and my dad was a doctor in a semi-rural town and I can tell you that was never part of the lexicon even back then, whether for good or bad. Unfortunately, it's just not realistic in today's society. That said, I guess I'm for any kind of video/robotics/information technology that can streamline the process just a little bit for routine tasks and consultations, freeing up the docs so they can spend quality time with patients whose cases are more acute.
With a software upgrade Stanley could remember to provide your medicine when you were sick or bring you the thermometer if you had a fever. The sky's the limit.
Stanley currently doesn't speak or recognize voice commands but could be equipped with an automatic weapon in case your house is burglarized.
Several robots for providing at-home medical care are in the works, based on a somewhat similar design platform as this one. That platform is iRobot's Ava mobile robot design: http://www.irobot.com/ava/
Ok - I'm fine with technology and think robots are cool - but so much of good medicine is about the ability to "read" a patient and establish trust as a physician. When the face on the screen says "take your medicine" it's just another commercial. Doctors should be walking the halls, popping in on patients and sharing chance encounters with nurses who can give the Dr. a quick 30 second update on the patient in 203. Human interaction is healing, too.
Unlike industrial robots, which suffered a slight overall slump in 2012, service robots continue to be increasingly in demand. The majority are used for defense, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs); and agriculture, such as milking robots.
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