Bayer MaterialScience is joining forces with two Japanese
companies to promote use of polycarbonate as an automotive glazing material in
The Bayer unit brings its expertise in materials technology
while Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Plastic Technology Co. and Kyowa Industrial Co. will provide
firepower in molding machines and molds, respectively.
"We see excellent growth opportunities worldwide for
polycarbonate automotive glazing, particularly given the increasingly strict
emissions regulations in all leading industrial nations," says Volkhard Krause,
head of the global Automotive Glazing team at Bayer
MaterialScience. "Materials such as our
polycarbonate Makrolon are much lighter than glass â€“ this enables us to cut the
weight of panorama roofs, for example, by up to 50 percent, resulting in a
significant reduction in fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.
Additional functions such as defogging, antennae and infrared protection can
easily be integrated when manufacturing roof modules, rear windows and other
glazing applications. Polycarbonate also offers superb design freedom."
Polycarbonate has dominated auto headlamp glazing for more
than 15 years, but the far bigger goal of replacing window glass has proven a
more elusive goal. Some engineers in Detroit avoid
more ambitious applications of polycarbonate for glazing because of perceived
issues with weatherability and scratch resistance despite specialized coating
The new JV partners will use an electric two-component
injection molding machine with reversing plate from Mitsubishi's emR series
with a locking force of 1,450 metric tons for customer trials in Mitsubishi's
new technical service center at its headquarters in Nagoya City.
The collaboration with the two Japanese partners forms Bayer
MaterialScience's second large technology cell for developments in the
polycarbonate glazing sector. The first features a new two-component injection
molding machine with a locking force of 2,300 metric tons at the company's own
global Glazing Center in Leverkusen, which went into operation in summer 2009.
This machine can manufacture parts up to 1.2 sq m in size.
Bayer says injection molding is the process of choice
for large, three-dimensional glazing components such as panorama roofs. Reduced
injection pressure delivers low-stress and low-distortion components exhibiting
excellent surface quality that work well with wet coats. The German center can
coat three-dimensional molded polycarbonate components measuring up to 1.4
sq m using flow coating.
In 1997, Bayer and GE Plastics (now Sabic Innovative
Plastics), signed a letter of intent for the founding of a joint venture in the
field of abrasion-resistant coated polycarbonate automobile windows. That JV,
called Exatec, is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Sabic Innovative Plastics,
and operates an Advanced Technology Development Center in Wixom, MI.
At last summer's National Plastics Exposition in Chicago, Sabic Innovative
Plastics introduced a new, high-tech shield to enhance the protection of
transit operators in Toronto. The shield is made of Lexan PC sheet and coated with the Exatec E900 advanced plasma technology for abrasion
Researchers working with additive manufacturing have said multimaterial techniques will allow industry “to fabricate materials with combinations of density, strength, and thermal expansion that do not exist [yet].”
The term "multiphysics" is used to describe the simulation of multiple types of physics and their influence on one another -- for example, the investigation of the behavior of a chemical in liquid form will involve both chemistry and fluid dynamics.
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