Clement Klienstreuer, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at North Carolina State University, is using computer simulation and fluid dynamics for designing experimental blood vessels, arteries, and bypass grafts. With funding from the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation, he is heading up a team of vascular surgeons and engineers aiming to design a better arteriovenous access graft. The grafts serve as portals through which blood passes for kidney dialysis and other procedures. Conventional designs are Teflon-based and prone to frequent failure. One of the keys to the new graft is a graft hood, which complicates its design, but improves blood flow. For a copy of the paper describing the new graft geometry, contact Linda E. Rudd, North Carolina State University Engineering Publications at email@example.com or call (919) 515-3848.
Fifty-six-year-old Pasquale Russo has been doing metalwork for more than 30 years in a tiny southern Italy village. Many craftsmen like him brought with them fabrication skills when they came from the Old World to America.
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