Chemical industry Catalyst support and packed bed reactors.
Filtration Size exclusion, molten metal filtration, high-temperature gas filtration.
Heat transfer Radiant heater.
High-temperature kiln furniture Sintering.
Ceramic matrix composites (CMC) These structures can be filled with metal of choice to produce a metal matrix composite. In particular, it can be filled with high temperature performing alloys such as refractory alloys or Inconel.
Metal matrix composite (MMC) Depending on the design, structures can be developed where the pore volume is more than 50 percent. In these cases, if the pores are filled with a metallic material through squeeze casting for example, then a MMC structure will be obtained.
Polymer matrix composite (PMC) These materials are formed when the ordered structures are made from metallic or ceramic material and the pores are filled with a polymer.