These modules, sold in pairs, communicate serially without extra wires or cables. With a DB-9 serial port on one side and a 110/220V power cable slot on the other, they transmit and receive high-frequency signals over power lines using high-pass filters, all with low h.f. output to keep from interfering with electric power on the network. They can transmit data to 500 m at up to 230 kbps, with 56-bit DES data encryption for RS232 signals. The modules are based on a 32-bit RISC processor with 8 MB SDRAM and 4 MB flash memory. They work on 110V or 220V supplies, have built-in surge protectors, and are DTE/DCE selectable.
Sales of semiconductors, interconnects, and other electronic components in North America were flat through the second quarter of 2015, reflecting a pattern that’s been repeating itself for several years.
An in-depth survey of 700 current and future users of 3D printing holds few surprises, but results emphasize some major trends already in progress. Two standouts are the big growth in end-use parts and metal additive manufacturing (AM) most respondents expect.
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