In the position sensor, a pulse is induced in a magnetostrictive waveguide by the momentary interaction of two magnetic fields: one from a magnet passing along the outside of the sensor tube; the other field from a current pulse launched along a waveguide within the tube. The interaction produces a strain pulse (twisting the waveguide) that travels at sonic speeds down the waveguide until detected at the sensor head. Measuring the elapsed time between the launching of the electronic pulse and the arrival of the strain pulse, or pulses, precisely determines the position of one, or more, magnets. Such non-contact position sensing produces no wear in the sensing elements, cutting maintenance and extending sensor life. The encapsulated waveguide and electronics also provide durability in severe environments. And modularity gives mounting flexibility and easy integration.
For decades, engineers have worked to combat erosion by developing high-strength alloys, composites, and surface coatings. However, in a new paper, a team at Jilin University in China turned to one of the most deadly animals in the world for inspiration -- the yellow fat-backed scorpion.
Green energy is being billed as a way to make communities that are energy deprived more self-sustaining. So it makes sense to use natural materials to create devices that harvest this type of energy. That’s the idea behind a hybrid wind/solar energy harvester made of bamboo that’s been developed by UVM researchers.
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