Kenji Uchino is a professor of engineering at Penn State who developed a small ultrasonic piezoelectric motor that measures less than 2 mm in diameter and is approximately 4 mm long—about the size of a grain of rice. And unlike piezoelectric motors made with tubes of piezoelectric materials, Uchino's motor is made from aluminum, stainless steel, plastic, and brass tubes. Applications for the motor include medical instruments that are disposable and other devices that have small diameters. Because the motor is non-magnetic, its applications include surgical procedures performed with magnetic resonance imaging. Potential non-medical applications include appliances, computers, and wristwatches. "The inside of a wristwatch is filled with gears because tiny electromagnetic motors spin too fast to directly operate a watch," says Uchino. His motor rotates slower, so watches enabled by his motor could be mechanically simpler, he claims. For more information, send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
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Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
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