Kenji Uchino is a professor of engineering at Penn State who developed a small ultrasonic piezoelectric motor that measures less than 2 mm in diameter and is approximately 4 mm long—about the size of a grain of rice. And unlike piezoelectric motors made with tubes of piezoelectric materials, Uchino's motor is made from aluminum, stainless steel, plastic, and brass tubes. Applications for the motor include medical instruments that are disposable and other devices that have small diameters. Because the motor is non-magnetic, its applications include surgical procedures performed with magnetic resonance imaging. Potential non-medical applications include appliances, computers, and wristwatches. "The inside of a wristwatch is filled with gears because tiny electromagnetic motors spin too fast to directly operate a watch," says Uchino. His motor rotates slower, so watches enabled by his motor could be mechanically simpler, he claims. For more information, send e-mail to email@example.com.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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