The next time your doctor says he can look right through you, he may be speaking literally and not just figuratively, especially if your doctor is George Stetten, a biomedical engineer at the University of Pittsburgh. Although doctors sometimes use ultrasound for looking inside patients, current technology requires that the doctors look away from the patient at an ultrasound display. Stetten says the result is a displaced sense of hand-eye coordination. "The difficulty is developing a natural way to visually merge ultrasound images with the real world," says Stetten. His "sonic flashlight" uses a process called tomographic reflection. By strategically positioning an ultrasound scanner and the ultrasound display on opposite sides of a half-silvered translucent mirror, he simultaneously sees the patient and the ultrasound image in perfect alignment with the body. Stetten says that he merges the virtual image in three dimensions with the interior of the patient. This simultaneous viewing makes the ultrasound image appear to occupy the same physical space as the body being imaged. The effect relies on precise geometric relationships between the ultrasound slice scanned, the monitor displaying the slice, and the mirror. "The reflected image is optically indistinguishable from the corresponding space within the patient," explains Stetten. For more information, call (412) 624-7762.
Samsung's Galaxy line of smartphones used to fare quite well in the repairability department, but last year's flagship S5 model took a tumble, scoring a meh-inducing 5/10. Will the newly redesigned S6 lead us back into star-studded territory, or will we sink further into the depths of a repairability black hole?
In 2003, the world contained just over 500 million Internet-connected devices. By 2010, this figure had risen to 12.5 billion connected objects, almost six devices per individual with access to the Internet. Now, as we move into 2015, the number of connected 'things' is expected to reach 25 billion, ultimately edging toward 50 billion by the end of the decade.
NASA engineer Brian Trease studied abroad in Japan as a high school student and used to fold fast-food wrappers into cranes using origami techniques he learned in library books. Inspired by this, he began to imagine that origami could be applied to building spacecraft components, particularly solar panels that could one day send solar power from space to be used on earth.
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