The assumption has been that as computer chips get smaller, the need for new production equipment becomes more urgent. Not so, according to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers. Current equipment uses 193-nm wavelength light. However, immersion lithography uses a thin layer of water like a lens to shorten the effective wavelengths of ultraviolet light, enabling the same equipment to create features as small as 45 nm. For more info, visit www.nist.gov/public_affairs/techbeat/current.htm#water.
The Space Kid, 11, will be one of the first civilians to have his design manufactured in space by NASA, thanks to the City X Project, which inspires kids to think about new 3D-printed inventions that could be useful for humans living in space.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.