The assumption has been that as computer chips get smaller, the need for new production equipment becomes more urgent. Not so, according to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers. Current equipment uses 193-nm wavelength light. However, immersion lithography uses a thin layer of water like a lens to shorten the effective wavelengths of ultraviolet light, enabling the same equipment to create features as small as 45 nm. For more info, visit www.nist.gov/public_affairs/techbeat/current.htm#water.
Some cars are more reliable than others, but even the vehicles at the bottom of this year’s Consumer Reports reliability survey are vastly better than those of 20 years ago in the key areas of powertrain and hardware, experts said this week.
Many of the materials in this slideshow are resins or elastomers, plus reinforced materials, styrenics, and PLA masterbatches. Applications range from automotive and aerospace to industrial, consumer electronics and wearables, consumer goods, medical and healthcare, as well as sporting goods, and materials for protecting food and beverages.
While many larger companies are still reluctant to rely on wireless networks to transmit important information in industrial settings, there is an increasing acceptance rate of the newer, more robust wireless options that are now available.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.