The National Institute of Standards and Technology has developed three ASTM International standard test methods for the thin films used to make micromachines (MEMs). Published in The Annual Book of ASTM International Standards, the test procedures—first such standards in the world—could faciliate global commerce in MEMs by enabling reliable measurements of MEMs devices. Detailed instructions are given for measuring thin-film dimensions and strain. For more info, go to www.eeel.nist.gov/812/test-structures.
Researchers working with additive manufacturing have said multimaterial techniques will allow industry “to fabricate materials with combinations of density, strength, and thermal expansion that do not exist [yet].”
The term "multiphysics" is used to describe the simulation of multiple types of physics and their influence on one another -- for example, the investigation of the behavior of a chemical in liquid form will involve both chemistry and fluid dynamics.
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