These separate digital and analog control circuits, with a power stage, provide a complete motor-control platform for air-conditioning applications. The platform enables variable-speed sinusoidal-current control and eliminates the need for position sensors. The IRMCF311 or IRMCF312 provides the digital control. A patented Motion Control Engine (MCE) in the unit implements the complex, sensorless permanent-magnet, synchronous-motor algorithm in hardware. In addition, an Analog Signal Engine (ASE) contains all signal-conditioning and conversion circuits, and an application-layer processor defines the operation of the air-conditioning system to control both the ac fan and the compressor motors. Design tools allow controller-performance evaluation and algorithm customization with minimal effort. The IRS2136D 600V, three-phase analog-driver IC includes built-in bootstrap diodes and other features to simplify driving and protect the power stage's insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). Packages for the IRMCF3xx are 64- or 100-pin QFPs and for the IRS2136D 28-pin SOICs or a 44-pin PLCCs.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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