PLCs have steadily increased their responsibility, at first replacing relay systems, then taking over process control and stepping in for motion control, according to Greg Meinert, PLC business manager for Siemens Energy and Automation. Now, by adding safety, PLCs are collapsing everything down to a single platform, Meinert says, reducing engineering, start-up and maintenance. Fail-safe CPUs execute both standard programs and safety functions. They also eliminate a need for separate safety PLCs. Read more about the company's programmable logic controllers at http://rbi.ims.ca/4915-515.
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
Engineers at the University of San Diego’s Jacobs School of Engineering have designed biobatteries on commercial tattoo paper, with an anode and cathode screen-printed on and modified to harvest energy from lactate in a person’s sweat.
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