Preh Automotive Human-Machine Interface (HMI) (http://rbi.ims.ca/4911-545). To reduce the number of driver controls for vehicle interior functions, Preh engineers designed a flexible human-machine interface (HMI) consisting of a control knob, programmable buttons, and a touch pad display. Pushing, rotating, and tilting the centrally-located knob selects specific functions, such as air conditioning or seat position. Once the buttons' functions are assigned based on the driver or passenger's selection, a colored LED illuminates the appropriate icon. The touch pad provides input for the navigation system. The LEDs and LED driver IC for the HMI are selected based on the car manufacturers' requirements, which vary from bright for daylight visibility to a more subdued level.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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