Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are helping customs agents and other law enforcement officials get a peek inside sealed containers. The laboratory's Acoustical Inspection Device (AID) enables identification of sealed compartments that may contain explosives, illegal drugs, or other types of contraband. The device also allows users to find liquids in sealed containers and measure the level of liquid inside. PNNL's Aaron Diaz, a physicist, says that as it's currently configured, the AID uses ultrasound for detecting pockets and voids in metal containers, gas tanks, and other receptacles in which someone could hide a weapon of mass destruction or kilo of cocaine. The device's sensors transmit ultrasonic pulses and detect return echoes that have bounced off the side of the container. The features and unique characteristics of the return echoes are then compared with a library of material characteristics. "It's all based on a material's properties and the signature we read and compare with the device's onboard database," says Diaz. "It's so sensitive that we can tell the difference between Classic Coca-Cola and Diet Coke." The damping characteristics of wood and other porous materials pose a limitation today, but Diaz says that adjustments could be made in the future. He points out that the Mehl, Griffin, and Bartek Company in Arlington, VA is currently commercializing AID for U.S. Customs agents. A similar version of the device is developed for use along borders in Eastern Europe. For more information, go to www.pnl.gov.
Conventional wisdom holds that MIT, Cal Tech, and Stanford are three of the country’s best undergraduate engineering schools. Unfortunately, when conventional wisdom visits the topic of best engineering schools, it too often leaves out some of the most distinguished programs that don’t happen to offer PhD-level degrees.
Airbus Defence and Space has 3D printed titanium brackets for communications satellites. The redesigned, one-piece 3D-printed brackets have better thermal resistance than conventionally manufactured parts, can be produced faster, cost 20% less, and save about 1 kg of weight per satellite.
A group of researchers at the Seoul National University have discovered a way to take material from cigarette butts and turn it into a carbon-based material that’s ideal for storing energy and creating a powerful supercapacitor.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.