Professor Karl Gschneidner is an Ames Laboratory senior metallurgist and Iowa State University professor who may help bring about new technology for cooling home refrigerators, air conditioning units, and electronics. He works with the Astronautic Corporation of America (Milwaukee, WI) as part of an agreement with Ames Laboratory developing a new refrigerator that uses gadolinium, a ferromagnetic material. The metal heats when exposed to a magnetic field and cools when the field is removed. "A key difference between vapor cycle refrigerators and magnetic refrigerators is the amount of energy loss incurred during the refrigeration cycle," according to Gschneidner. "In current vapor-cycle refrigerators, energy loss during compression and expansion is significant," he notes. "There is virtually no energy loss during magnetizing and demagnetizing in magnetic refrigerators." The new refrigerator has a rare-earth permanent magnet and a wheel with segments coated with the gadolinium. The wheel passes through a gap in the magnet where a concentrated magnetic field heats it up. Circulating water draws the heat from the metal, but the material cools further as a result of the magnetocaloric effect. A second stream of circulating water is cooled by the gadolinium and circulated through the refrigerator's cooling coils. For more information, contact Gshneidner at (515) 294-7931 or go to www.iastate.edu.
Advertised as the "Most Powerful Tablet Under $100," the Kindle Fire HD 6 was too tempting for the team at iFixit to pass up. Join us to find out if inexpensive means cheap, irreparable, or just down right economical. It's teardown time!
The first photos made with a 3D-printed telescope are here and they're not as fuzzy as you might expect. A team from the University of Sheffield beat NASA to the goal. The photos of the Moon were made with a reflecting telescope that cost the research team £100 to make (about $161 US).
The increased adoption of wireless technology for mission-critical applications has revved up the global market for dynamic electronic general purpose (GP) test equipment. As the link between cloud networks and devices -- smartphones, tablets, and notebooks -- results in more complex devices under test, the demand for radio frequency test equipment is starting to intensify.
Much of the research on lithium-ion batteries is focused on how to make the batteries charge more quickly and last longer than they currently do, work that would significantly improve the experience of mobile device users, as well EV and hybrid car drivers. Researchers in Singapore have come up with what seems like the best solution so far -- a battery that can recharge itself in mere minutes and has a potential lifespan of 20 years.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.