United Nations weapons inspectors could have an easier time in the future locating nuclear materials. Researchers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln developed a fingertip-sized neutron detection device built around a boroncarbide semiconductor diode. The highly sensitive device can detect neutrons emitted by materials that fuel nuclear weapons. "This is a leapfrog technology in neutron detection," said Peter Dowben, UNL physicist who first fabricated a boron carbide semiconductor. Using Dowben's semiconductor, the research team built a detector about the size of one LEGO® block, which the researchers say is more efficient, lighter, and tougher than existing detectors. It can be powered with small batteries or even solar cells and can withstand corrosion and extremely high temperatures, says Brian Robertson, associate professor of mechanical engineering at UNL. The device could also be used to monitor nuclear weapons storage and other national security applications. Patents on the semiconductor process and the detector are pending. For more information, contact Brian Robertson at (402) 417-5054 or email@example.com.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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