World crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to the International Iron and Steel Institute stood at an estimated 80.1 million metric tons (mmt) in December. Global production increased by 7.7 percent compared to December 2002 and by 6.7 percent year-to-date. Chinese production of crude steel stood at 20.2 mmt in December. This is 28.7 percent higher than for the same month in 2002. YTD production in China reached a record 220.1 mmt, and worldwide production reached a record 945.1 mmt in 2003.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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