A team of engineers and medical professionals at the University of Michigan, the National Science Foundation, and the Kellogg Eye Center sees eye surgery in a different way, thanks to a new laser with pulse speeds a billion times faster than an electric camera's flash. Cutting cornea flaps in laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) eye surgery traditionally involves use of a mechanical blade. However, when using the femtosecond laser, the researchers discovered that the laser procedure reduces complications associated with the LASIK surgery because there is less collateral tissue damage and the laser cuts are cleaner than cuts made with microkeratone blades. Two of the Michigan researchers, Tibor Juhasz, an associate professor of biomedical engineering, and Ron Kurtz, an assistant professor of ophthalmology, founded InterLase Corp for commercializing the new laser. Additional applications include other eye surgery procedures and micro- machining materials. For more information, call Amber Jones at (703) 292-8070.
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.