Using gold nanoparticles and a thin layer organosilanes, Jan Genzer and associates from North Carolina State University, developed a new material that could be used to make better filters, more efficient sensors, and faster catalysts. "The distinguishing feature of our approach is that the particles follow a pre-designed chemical template provided by the organosilane sticky groups," said Genzer. "The ability to manipulate the underlying template allows us to prepare gradient structures of nanoparticles with varying characteristics." To build the substance, Genzer prepares a very thin layer of organosilanes, sticky molecules with a head and a tail, on a rectangular surface of silica. The head glues to the surface, while the tail sticks out, acting like a hook waiting for a gold nanoparticle to attach to it. The scientists dip the material in a solution containing negatively charged gold nanoparticles. Contact Karen McNulty Walsh from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory at firstname.lastname@example.org, or phone, (631) 344-8350.
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
Engineers at the University of San Diego’s Jacobs School of Engineering have designed biobatteries on commercial tattoo paper, with an anode and cathode screen-printed on and modified to harvest energy from lactate in a person’s sweat.
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