This rugged board is made to handle harsh environments in defense, aerospace and space applications. It offers several I/O capabilities, including ARINC-429, analog-to-digital, digital-to-analog, audio and discretes. It's perfect for general-purpose airborne applications like manned and unmanned aerial vehicles and helicopter platforms, with a new single-slot C437 accommodating I/O for a large number of sensors and actuators. There are independent power and ground domains for each of the C437's analog, digital and discrete I/O sections, isolating each signal from the other, maintaining signal integrity and minimizing cross-coupled noise. The board's new I/O components include 24 AEEC-compliant ARINC-429 channels that support both high and low-speed configurations, 60 single-ended discrete inputs, 2 differential inputs and 41 single-ended discrete outputs, plus four opto-isolated, -10 to +10V, 16-bit differential analog imputs and four -10 to +10V differential analog outputs. The board can store and play back prerecorded audio messages through an MP3 player with stereo audio output and dedicated Flash and SRAM memory. The C437 can decode and play MP3+V, WAV, PCM and MPEG 1 & 2 audio layer 3 files, plus run-time messages and uses a VMEbus bridge in a FPGA logic device, offering slave VMEbus capabilities, and support for A32/D08/D16/ D32 data transfer to and from any standard host board. The host is free to perform other tasks too, as the FPGA logic device offers full autonomous control over onboard functions. The C437 works well with moderately-powered systems, using only 14W of power. It comes in both conduction and air-cooled models, and is fully compliant with IEEE 1101.2. It has a metal thermal frame for vibration and shock control, plus added heat paths for less thermal impedance. The board has built-in self tests and integrated RTOS drivers, which include VxWorks and Integrity, for control/status and access to all the C437's I/O modules from the VMEbus host card. Other popular real-time operating system drivers are available by request.
Samsung's Galaxy line of smartphones used to fare quite well in the repairability department, but last year's flagship S5 model took a tumble, scoring a meh-inducing 5/10. Will the newly redesigned S6 lead us back into star-studded territory, or will we sink further into the depths of a repairability black hole?
In 2003, the world contained just over 500 million Internet-connected devices. By 2010, this figure had risen to 12.5 billion connected objects, almost six devices per individual with access to the Internet. Now, as we move into 2015, the number of connected 'things' is expected to reach 25 billion, ultimately edging toward 50 billion by the end of the decade.
NASA engineer Brian Trease studied abroad in Japan as a high school student and used to fold fast-food wrappers into cranes using origami techniques he learned in library books. Inspired by this, he began to imagine that origami could be applied to building spacecraft components, particularly solar panels that could one day send solar power from space to be used on earth.
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