November 30, 2001 marked the first-ever transmission of an image by laser link from one satellite to another. Terminals on the European Space Agency's (ESA) Artemis spacecraft, operating 19,270 miles above Earth, and the French space agency's (CNES) SPOT 4 satellite, orbiting at 517 miles altitude, exchanged high-definition imagery data at 50 megabits per second. Images from SPOT 4 via Artemis were subsequently transmitted to the SPOT Image control center in Toulouse, France. Effective cooperation between several operations control centers ensured success. These included the CNES SPOT 4 control center and the SPOT Image data reception/processing facility in Toulouse, the ESA-Artemis mission control facility in Redu, Belgium, and the Artemis operations control center in Fucino, Italy. The main advantage offered by the optical data relay system is enhanced availability. When operated with SPOT 4, the link can be maintained for more than 50% of the orbit. This increases contact time dramatically and shortens the time interval between when images are recorded and when they are available to the customer. System potential also extends beyond Earth observation, promising to revolutionize satellite-to-satellite communications for constellations in low-earth orbit, geo-stationary satellites, and deep-space exploration probes. Contact Bernard Cabrieres at CNES for more information. Tel: +33 5 61 27 42 47, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Engineers at Fuel Cell Energy have found a way to take advantage of a side reaction, unique to their carbonate fuel cell that has nothing to do with energy production, as a potential, cost-effective solution to capturing carbon from fossil fuel power plants.
To get to a trillion sensors in the IoT that we all look forward to, there are many challenges to commercialization that still remain, including interoperability, the lack of standards, and the issue of security, to name a few.
This is part one of an article discussing the University of Washington’s nationally ranked FSAE electric car (eCar) and combustible car (cCar). Stay tuned for part two, tomorrow, which will discuss the four unique PCBs used in both the eCar and cCars.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.