Major manufacturers and distributors in the electronics industry are well prepared to meet the requirements of the European Union’s RoHS and WEEE directives. But many of the small- to medium-size component suppliers are falling short in getting up to compliance. “Across the board large companies are more prepared than small companies. The large companies are prepared, so they don’t have to act immediately,” says Eric Karofsky, senior analyst at AMR Research. “The large companies always understand risk better. They have better planning capabilities and more capacity to spend time assessing risk.”
He notes that large companies view regulations as risk factors and they have a institutional capacity to assess risk and plan mitigation strategies well in advance of regulation deadlines. Not so with small companies. “Companies like Motorola and HP are well under way in understanding what is necessary to comply,” says Karofsky. “Most of the small- to medium-size businesses are behind the times.”
The large companies, however, depend on components from small- and medium-size suppliers. So the major companies have started to lean hard on their suppliers to get up to compliance. “Initially, the small- to medium-size businesses hampered the large companies’ ability to comply, but the large companies have the power,” says Karofsky. “A small component supplier may not be able to supply the component materials information. That provides a momentary exposure problem for the large manufacturer, but long term, the small component supplier will need to get up to speed or lose market share.”
Karofsky views RoHS compliance as a major competitive factor among small- to medium-size component producers. Not only must they produce lead-free versions of their components, they also have to manage the material content records to back up their claims of compliance. Those companies that can manage the transition best will gain marketshare over those suppliers that fall down on compliance and materials declaration. “If small companies continue to be a problem, the large companies will penalize them. If the supply base is compliant, that sets a baseline for enforcing compliance,” says Karofsky. “Eventually, competition will rule and the small supplier will get up to compliance to get more business. That’s already starting to happen.”
In a bid to boost the viability of lithium-based electric car batteries, a team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has developed a chemistry that could possibly double an EV’s driving range while cutting its battery cost in half.
Using Siemens NX software, a team of engineering students from the University of Michigan built an electric vehicle and raced in the 2013 Bridgestone World Solar Challenge. One of those students blogged for Design News throughout the race.
Robots that walk have come a long way from simple barebones walking machines or pairs of legs without an upper body and head. Much of the research these days focuses on making more humanoid robots. But they are not all created equal.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.