Experienced gear molders caution design engineers to avoid common pitfalls with plastic gears. One old problem, says ABA/PGT, is misaligned mating parallel-axis (spur and helical) gear tooth surfaces. The solution is the modification of gear flanks by making them full thickness at mid-face-width and tapering them to each edge, as shown in the drawing below. This modification, extending over the full height of the gear tooth, is referred to as crowning. Other useful advice comes from UFE of Stillwater, MN. Operating temperature must be factored into designs using dissimilar materials. If a gearcase is made of metal and the gears are plastic, the distance between the gears will change because of the differing coefficients of linear thermal expansion.
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.