These USAE washers are a hybrid of USS standard washer and SAE attributes. They have more contact area and greater holding power with a USS-standard outside diameter, offering washers up to 36 percent larger than regular hardened washers. The inside diameter fits SAE standards, making a smaller ID for a more precise fit on bolts and studs. All American made, the USAE washers are made out of mild steel, case-hardened to 60 HRc and have a black oxide finish. They are 37 percent thicker than standard washers. They come in a range accommodating bolts from ¼ to 1 inch, with the bolt size stamped on each washer. Tolerances on all USAE washers are ±.010 inch.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.