Much of the technology used by the DARPA finalists is commercially available. Ten of the finalists, for example, used this Applanix positioning system, which combines GPS and inertial data to locate the vehicle on the ground.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.