Ingrid Fritsch, a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Arkansas, developed a new method—called magnetohydrodynamics—of using magnetic force to move fluids down small channels the width of a human hair. It is unlike current methods using electrokinetic pumping, centrifugal force, and mechanical pumping with microfluidic devices. Fritsch found that when the electromagnetic field is reversed in magnetohydrodynamics, the fluid flow reverses without need of mechanical manipulation. The finding may help researchers develop so called "lab on a chip" medical devices.
Industrial workplaces are governed by OSHA rules, but this isn’t to say that rules are always followed. While injuries happen on production floors for a variety of reasons, of the top 10 OSHA rules that are most often ignored in industrial settings, two directly involve machine design: lockout/tagout procedures (LO/TO) and machine guarding.
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