How big is the valve business? Bigger than you might think. According to the Valve Manufacturers' Association (VMA), the U.S. industrial valve industry logs sales of approximately $2.7B. Biggest markets include the petrochemical, chemical, construction, and petroleum industries. Though the industry is big, VMA classifies most valve manufacturers as small to medium size businesses. Collectively, they employ 20,000 people in both manufacturing and support functions.
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
Engineers at the University of San Diego’s Jacobs School of Engineering have designed biobatteries on commercial tattoo paper, with an anode and cathode screen-printed on and modified to harvest energy from lactate in a person’s sweat.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.