The dual-hinge operating mechanism in Motorola's PEBL mobile phone is made with injection molded 17.4 PH stainless steel to a density of 7.6 g/cm³. The innovative design positions the clamshell cover so that it slides down and flips open in one movement. The flip slider and hinge barrel are made by Advanced Materials Technologies Pty Ltd. of Singapore. According to the molder, the MIM process allows a very complex thin wall, overhanging structures and three-dimensional design. Both parts are coined, machined, polished and plated. It's estimated that it would have cost five times more to machine these parts. They won the grand prize in the electrical/electronic components category of the 2006 Powder Metallurgy Design Awards competition sponsored by the Metal Powder Industries Federation. For more information on the design awards, go to http://rbi.ims.ca/4933-517.
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
Engineers at the University of San Diego’s Jacobs School of Engineering have designed biobatteries on commercial tattoo paper, with an anode and cathode screen-printed on and modified to harvest energy from lactate in a person’s sweat.
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